A pedagogical scenario or learning scenario is an instantiation of an instructional design model for a given subject and a given kind of situation. It basically defines what learners and other actors like the teacher should/can do with a given set of resources and tools. A more formal scenario can be called a learning design.
See also the category example cases. The distinction between an (abstract) scenario and a concrete example cases is not always easy in the literature, given that published example cases try to generalize...
2 Typical ingredients and typologies
Here is a small list of typical ingredients one can find in a scenario
- Several, usually sequential learning activities (these are smaller scenarios that are combined together)
- a learning environment within which the scenario happens
- various courseware (learning materials), e.g.
Schulmeister (2005:487-488) suggest to define scenarios according to 3 dimensions:
- presence - virtual
- information - cooperation
- instruction - learning
The definition of what a pedagogical scenario is can differ a lot in various schools of thought based on different Learning theories, pedagogical theories etc. There are very contrasting instructional design models and ideas on pedagogic strategy.
3 Related design methodology
3.1 Design theories
Currently (20009) the most well known formal scenario specification and execution language is IMS Learning Design. It implements the following basic learning design model:
ROLE -> performs -> ACTIVITIES -> within -> an ENVRIONMENT
3.2 Scenario design software
- Educational modelling languages (e.g. IMS Learning Design) and associated tools (e.g. MOT or the Dialog Plus Toolkit)
- Various workflow languages made for other purposes.
- Scenario editors like OASIF (not based on a formal modelling language).
- Scenario-based learning management systems (learning activity systems) like LAMS and CeLS
- Tools for lesson planning
5.1 Scenario databases
- Instructional Scenarios Wiki (A nice wiki that provides ideas to WebCT Vista users)
- Forum New Leaning (FNL, a Swiss competence network for teaching & learning with new technologies). Nice database of "learning objects" (i.e. scenarios that a teacher can use in classes) with many examples (most are in German). No longer maintained.
- e-Learning Scenarios (eduhub.ch)
- PerfecTIC Excellent canadian (french/english) scenario database. Each scenario is available as printable PDF.
- ProfWeb Excellent french/english Canadian Teacher Resource (not just scenarios).
- La main à la pate French site for teaching science in primary school (lots of interesting teacher-tested activities/scenarios).
- Schulmeister, R. (2005). Kriterien didaktischer Qualität im E-Learning zur Sicherung der Akzeptanz und Nachhaltigkeit. In D. Euler & S. Seufert (Hrsg.), E-Learning in Hochschulen und Bildungszentren, München: Oldenbourg, p. 487.
- Wichmann, A., Engler, J., & Hoppe, U. (2010). Sharing educational scenario designs in practitioner communities. In K. Gomez, L. Lyons, & J. Radinsky (Eds.), Learning in the Disciplines. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS 2010), Vol 2 (pp. 750-757). International Society of the Learning Sciences, Inc.