The acronym WAMP (or Q.A.M.P.) refers to a set of free software programs commonly used together to run dynamic Web sites or servers:
- Windows, the operating system;
- Apache web server;
- MySQL, the database management system
- The PHP (and sometimes the Perl or Python) programming languages.
See LAMP, the original Linux-based solution
2 WAMP/MAMP products - Windows and Mac
For the Windows world there exist several complete packages that come with installers and a launch/stop/configure tool. Some also work for Linux, but I'd rather not use them on a real server.
- Also check out Wikipedia's Comparison of WAMPs.
2.1 WAMP5 / WAMPServer
- Also available on SourceForge (try this if the other is down)
- Supports PHP 5x and MySQL 5x (16:16, 4 December 2006 (MET)).
- This may be the best bet currently, but DSchneider didn't do any serious comparative testing, but it's the only one I was mostly happy with.
- Only thing missing were some mysql excutables that some programs or yourself may need for command line operations (e.g. LAMS installer needs this).
- Easy PHP.
- Used to be the most popular PHP 4.x package
- Daniel K. Schneider did not test the 2.0beta version yet (mai 2007).
- How to upgrade EasyPHP if you really need to
I once managed to upgrade PHP4.x to PHP5.x in Easyphp 1.8 (in nov 2006)
- Empty the ./php directory and get PHP from PHP
- Edit php.ini and explicitly load php_mysql (for the php 4 this was not necessary)
extensions_dir = "./ext" extensions = php_mysql.dll
- Also works fine, but this is more intrusive.
- MAMP for your MacIntosh
- MAMP stands for: Macintosh, Apache, Mysql and PHP and can be used as light-weight developper's alternative to the built-in servers.
4 WAMP for Windows running from a memory stick
WAMP servers that run off a memory stick, your camera or any device that can act as an external drive for a device (usually a PC). Usually these distributions have less functionality, but take up less space and need no (or almost no) installation work. I tested both MoWes and Uniform and both work and are live projects - Daniel K. Schneider 11:09, 22 December 2009 (UTC).
I suggest always to decompress such distributions on a real hard desk and then transfer to a memory stick (to avoid write errors I ran into).
4.1 The Uniform server
The Uniform server is a combo of Apache Httpd Server, PHP, Perl, and MySQL. It comes in two variants (or more) and can be enhanced with extra plugins.
- Version 5.5 release in dec 2009 is described like this: “The Uniform Server is a lightweigt server solution for running a web server under the WindowsOS. 8.78MiB! It includes the latest versions of Apache2, Perl5, PHP5, MySQL5, phpMyAdmin and ... NO INSTALLATION REQUIRED! NO REGISTRY DUST! Just UNPACK and RUN!”
- Plugins exist, e.g. for a Tomcat server, an FTP server etc.!
- The Uniform Server Homepage homepage, downloads (on sourceforge).
- Uniform wiki (documentation)
- See the Modular Webserver System article. For beginners working under Windows, this system is probably the easiest way for playing with a WAMP and some portalware. Several popular CMSs can be download and installed automatically - Daniel K. Schneider 17:18, 15 January 2010 (UTC).
4.3 Distributions of ready-to-run portals
There exist some distributions for packages like Drupal, Joomla etc. and that you can run usually directly from a memory stick or any other drive.
- E.g. * JSAS Joomla! StandAlone Server.
- Otherwise, packages like WOS do include preconfigured servers
5 Running a mediawiki on your travel PC
- If you want to clone a Mediawiki from your "real" server
Export your database on the server and transfer the file to your PC (e.g. to c:\tmp\wikimedia.sql):
mysqldump -p base_de_donnees > fichier.sql
mysqldump -p wikimedia > /tmp/wikimedia.sql
- Import the database in your PC
Firstly create a database on you PC-based MysQL server
I suggest to use the command line to do the import, because file upload is limited in a typical PHP installation (else reconfigure the parameters in the php.ini file).
In EasyPHP 1.8 the mysql.exe program is here:
In WAMP 5, the file is here:
Open a terminal (DOS window, command prompt, or whatever it is called) and use this construct:
mysql.exe base_de_donnees -u root -p < path_to_sql_dump.sql
mysql.exe wikidb -u root -p < c:\tmp\wikimedia.sql
Then wait for a long moment ...
- Copy the MediaWiki server
- I suggest to zip the files on the serveur and then dezip exactly in the same place
Then, adapt the LocalSettings.php file
- Change the DataBase user and password (on the PC I simply use the root)
- You may have to ajust other things too, if you use short URLs on your production server, you may want to fix the Apache configuration on your PC too.
See ManageMediaWiki, my somewhat disorganized English/French installation MediaWiki management notes.
6 PHP/MySQL generators
These are tips to beginners with almost no php/mySQL skills.
Coding Php/MySQL/HTML requires expertise and in most cases it's not a good idea to try learning enough php just to build a simple data-base with a single table. In addition since nowadays all PHP web sites are under heavy attack by intrusion scripts there are security issues. Do never install any PHP application (e.g. a portalware that is older than 6 month and check the forums first. Make sure that there is a large user base.
If you need your own little database application:
- Firstly, try to see if you can't get the job done with a "web 2.0" database such as Zoho creator (See list of web 2.0 applications)
- If you must create your own application, then try php/mysql generators. They can generate full code for simpler applications.
Here is a list (no endorsements so far):
- This is a Windows program. It creates php,mysql,html. The free version is functional, but has less features, e.g. project files can't be saved, 10 seconds waiting before it loads.
- PHP DataGrid
These are server-side scripts that need moderate installation skills. Therefore needs apache/php/mysql installed.
- This is a windows program. PHPRunner builds visually appealing web interface for any local or remote MySQL, MS Access, SQL Server and Oracle databases. Your web site visitors will be able to easily search, add, edit, delete and export data in your database. Advanced security options allow to build password-protected members only Web sites easily. Provides fully-functional 21-day trial version.
- PHP Generator fo MySQL
- PHP Generator for MySQL.
- This is a windows program. It will connect to a running MySQL/WAMP server (or a remote MySQL server for which you have access rights) and extract information from database tables you have to specify. It then will create the code that you can upload to a production server.
Works fine but with two smaller caveats:
- PHP code generated looks like this: <? .... ?> instead of the correct <?php .... ?> .
- There are font problems, i.e. some buttons in the margins only show partly.
- Web Form Generator
(also Php Database Wizard). This is a Java application with a *.jar installer to create a edit/modify/view form for a table. Registration required.
- Unzip first. If clicking on the *.jar fails, open a command window, go to the directory and type:
java -jar install.exe
- However you still will be in trouble, e.g. you will have to start manually the application with the provided *.bat file in the applications directory. So rather just fix you Windows installation and associate *.jar files with Java.
If java is not found, then you need to download java from http://java.com/ and install it. It's useful to have in any case, since many educational applications are written in Java.
- For details, see the help. This application will generate several files. If you work with a local WAMP, just tell it the web directory where to put these (click on the tools icon).
DKS's option. A sleek application that works without any problems. Only caveat is that you likely have to add some code to protect your database. Easiest solution would be to use the servers .htaccess mechanism.
- CoffeeCup Web Form Builder
- Not tested, Daniel K. Schneider is not exactly sure what it does, but might be a nice application.
- Commercial ($39), but free for high-schools.
- PHP Data Grid
PHP Builder. DataGrid class for programmers ?