Madeline Hunter method
There are many variants of this models, e.g. the simple WIPPEA lesson planning method.
2 The model
Disclaimer: DSchneider did not read original work of M.Hunter. In the literature and web pages consulted, there are various variants of the typical "scenario steps". Usually it has either 7 or 8 steps.
2.1 From a preparation perspective
- (1) Objectives and standards
- Fix them
- (2) Prepare teaching materials
- Anticipation: Prepare materials to grab the student's attention and put him in "the right frame"
- Teaching: (input): Prepare "input" materials.
- Teaching (modeling): Prepare relevant examples that show what is expected
- Guide practice: Prepare exerices and other activities
- Closure: Rehearse a nice closing statement (that show what has been learnt, to point out important things, etc.)
- Independant practice: E.g. home work or group work. Should reinforce and engage learners in decontextualization (by have them work on examples from different context)
2.2 From a scenario perspective
- (1) Anticipation
- A short wake-up activity that get's the student's attention and interest
- e.g. a simple question, an example problem,
- (2) Objectives, purpose, standards
- Tell the students what he will learn
- And (if necessary) how this knowledge will be tested
- (3) Input (teaching basic concepts and skills)
- Summarize definitions
- Demonstrate basic skills
- (4) Modeling (show)
- Demonstrate application of concepts and skill with a worked through example.
- (5) Guided practice
- have learners do exercises
- (6) Monitoring
- This is not precisely a step in time, monitoring has to be done in different ways:
- During and after steps 3 and 4, the teacher has to check for understanding (this is often presented as step number 5 in fact).
- After steps 5 and 6 students have to be tested which is different sort of "checking for understanding", e.g. if guided practice shows misunderstanding or bad understanding, go back to step 3 and/or 4 and adapt.
- (7) Independent practice
- Students practice on their own (either in or out of class).
- (8) closure
- Wrap up
Note: Mueller points out that “ How are checking understanding and guided practice different? Checking understanding occurs in the process of instruction. Guided practice takes place just after instruction has occurred. Checking for understanding is often a whole-class process by observing body language or asking a simple question to the whole class. Guided practice may be done individually. Both involve quickly assessing whether students understand what has just been presented.”
- Some Basic Lesson Presentation Elements (presents the Madeline Hunter Method).
- A White Paper on Lesson Planning by Cliff Schimmels.
- Hunter Method by Christy Keeler. This includes an example.
- Burns Alvin C., (2006) Teaching experientially with the Madeline Hunter Method: An application in a marketing research course, Simulation & Gaming, Vol. 37, No. 2, 284-294, DOI: 10.1177/1046878106287954 Abstract PDF (Access restricted)
- Hunter, M. (1982). Mastery teaching. El Segundo, CA: TIP Publications.
- Hunter, M. (1985). What's wrong with Madeline Hunter? Educational Leadership, 42(5), 57-60.
- Hunter, Robin (2004). Madeline Hunter's Mastery Teaching, Corwin Press. ISBN 076193930X (Seems to be the most popular modern M. Hunter method textbook)