Madeline Hunter method

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1 Definition

The Madeline Hunter method is a kind of direct instruction model and method mostly applied to lesson planning.

This model is quite closely associated with typical general behaviorist/cognitivist instructional design models like Gagne'sNine events of instruction and it incorporates mastery learning concepts.

There are many variants of this models, e.g. the simple WIPPEA lesson planning method.

2 The model

Disclaimer: DSchneider did not read original work of M.Hunter. In the literature and web pages consulted, there are various variants of the typical "scenario steps". Usually it has either 7 or 8 steps.

2.1 From a preparation perspective

(1) Objectives and standards
  • Fix them
(2) Prepare teaching materials
  • Anticipation: Prepare materials to grab the student's attention and put him in "the right frame"
  • Teaching: (input): Prepare "input" materials.
  • Teaching (modeling): Prepare relevant examples that show what is expected
  • Guide practice: Prepare exerices and other activities
  • Closure: Rehearse a nice closing statement (that show what has been learnt, to point out important things, etc.)
  • Independant practice: E.g. home work or group work. Should reinforce and engage learners in decontextualization (by have them work on examples from different context)

2.2 From a scenario perspective

(1) Anticipation
  • A short wake-up activity that get's the student's attention and interest
  • e.g. a simple question, an example problem,
(2) Objectives, purpose, standards
  • Tell the students what he will learn
  • And (if necessary) how this knowledge will be tested
(3) Input (teaching basic concepts and skills)
  • Summarize definitions
  • Demonstrate basic skills
(4) Modeling (show)
  • Demonstrate application of concepts and skill with a worked through example.
(5) Guided practice
  • have learners do exercises
(6) Monitoring
  • This is not precisely a step in time, monitoring has to be done in different ways:
  • During and after steps 3 and 4, the teacher has to check for understanding (this is often presented as step number 5 in fact).
  • After steps 5 and 6 students have to be tested which is different sort of "checking for understanding", e.g. if guided practice shows misunderstanding or bad understanding, go back to step 3 and/or 4 and adapt.
(7) Independent practice
  • Students practice on their own (either in or out of class).
(8) closure
  • Wrap up

Jonathan Mueller presents the Madeline Hunter Lesson Plan format in a way DSchneider likes better. His outline separates more clearly different phases:

Getting students set to learn
  • Step 1: Review
  • Step 2: Anticipatory Set
  • Step 3: Objective
  • Step 4: Input and Modeling
Checking for understanding
  • Step 5: Checking Understanding
  • Step 6: Guided Practice
Independent practice
  • Step 7: Independent Practice

Note: Mueller points out that “ How are checking understanding and guided practice different? Checking understanding occurs in the process of instruction. Guided practice takes place just after instruction has occurred. Checking for understanding is often a whole-class process by observing body language or asking a simple question to the whole class. Guided practice may be done individually. Both involve quickly assessing whether students understand what has just been presented.”

3 Links

4 References

  • Burns Alvin C., (2006) Teaching experientially with the Madeline Hunter Method: An application in a marketing research course, Simulation & Gaming, Vol. 37, No. 2, 284-294, DOI: 10.1177/1046878106287954 Abstract PDF (Access restricted)
  • Hunter, M. (1982). Mastery teaching. El Segundo, CA: TIP Publications.
  • Hunter, M. (1985). What's wrong with Madeline Hunter? Educational Leadership, 42(5), 57-60.
  • Hunter, Robin (2004). Madeline Hunter's Mastery Teaching, Corwin Press. ISBN 076193930X (Seems to be the most popular modern M. Hunter method textbook)