Instructional systems design

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  • Instructional Systems Design (ISD) Models that are what DSchneider calls instructional design methods, i.e. “systematic guidelines instructional designers follow in order to create a workshop, a course, a curriculum, an instructional program, or a training session” (McGriff, 2001). Typically, ISD models adopt a behaviorist/cognitivist stance.
  • In a narrow view: ISD == ADDIE
  • Donald Clark states the reasons of ISD:
Simply stated, this process provides a means for sound decision making to determine the who, what, when, where, why, and how of training. The concept of a system approach to training is based on obtaining an overall view of the training process. It is characterized by an orderly process for gathering and analyzing collective and individual performance requirements, and by the ability to respond to identified training needs. The application of a systems approach to training insures that training programs and the required support materials are continually developed in an effective and efficient manner to match the variety of needs in an ever rapidly changing environment.


Typical examples for the ISD approache are:


(Note: There should be more links ...)


  • Donald Clark (2000), Introduction to Instructional System Design, web site. Recommended on-line introductory handbook.
  • McGriff, Steven (2001), Instructional Systems Design Models, Pennsylvania State University, Web Page accessed on 18:11, 18 May 2006 (MEST).
  • Morrison, G. R., Ross, S. M., & Kemp, J. E. (2001). Designing effective instruction (4rd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.