Creating websites with online services
- Learning goals
- Create websites with on-line services
- Be able to choose among different kinds of services
- Moving on
- Using web widgets
- See also other web technology tutorials. E.g. Web technology teachers may first introduce their student to various services. Later on, these platforms can be used to teach HTML coding (firstly through HTML widgets, then through the "HTML" buttons in various through the web editors, then through templating), RSS, etc.
- Level and target population
- Any person who is interested in the easiest way to "be online"
- We shall present some services and describe some basic operations. However, these descriptions are far from being complete. If you seriously plan to use an online service for creating a website, you must "dig" into their own help and tutorials.
1.1 Kinds of online services
The simplest way for creating a little website is to use one or several online services. We may distinguish several kinds:
- (1) Site builder tools provided by your web hosting service
- If you happen to own a hosted domain name, you may check this out. Web hosting can be free, but usually you will have to pay a yearly fee.
- Most web hosting services provide a web site (home pages) builder tool. E.g. our favorite local provider uses PHP SiteBuilder. There exist cheap offers from companies like GoDaddy or HostGator (about $5/month) or Yahoo. GeoCities was a popular free service bough by Yahoo, but it is now discontinued.
- (2) Blogging tools
- Blogs have become probably the major form of simple on-line publishing. While some people install their own bloggingware with their hoster, many use an online service like Blogger.
- (3) Web 2.0 web hosting/creation services (several kinds)
- Your website will be hosted on some distant cloud and usually all configuration/editing work is done through the web. A good examples is the free Google Sites service. Another example are wiki hosting services like Wikispaces. Finally, so-called webtops also may be used to create web site (although their initial purpose was to provide a means to create personal "start pages".)
- (4) Web 2.0 social networking portals
- Your website is also hosted on some distant cloud, all configuration and editing is done through the web. The main purpose of the website is to support a community, e.g. a class (yes, teachers use this) or a local hard rock fan community. The best known service is Ning.
- Use of web widgets
“A web widget is a portable chunk of code that can be installed and executed within any separate HTML-based web page by an end user without requiring additional compilation. [...] Widgets often take the form of on-screen tools (clocks, event countdowns, auction-tickers, stock market tickers, flight arrival information, daily weather etc).” (Wikipedia, Aug 2009). All these online services allow the insertion of widgets in one or another way.
Read more in the Using web widgets article.
Most of these online services rely on so-called web 2.0 or rich internet application technology. Web 2.0 can be summarized as applications that improve the user experience through interactive technologies like AJAX, that include some social computing (others can participate), and that allow inclusion of other services, e.g. through web widgets.
2 Example services
Below we present some services. There exist many other alternatives.
2.1 Creating a website with Webs
- Go to http://www.webs.com/
- Click on the "Get started" Button
- Fill in the form (including a valid email address and an initial site template). The Form allows to select a site category, a theme and various functionality.
2.1.2 Explore editing the home page
The first time you use Webs, a tutorial will show you how to edit the home page. Basically, you can drag modules into the page and then edit these modules (text, pictures, buttons, etc.) Explore the bottom menu to find modules or "structures". Look at the menu on top for editing options.
2.1.3 Explore the dashboard
You can explore the dashboard by selecting "Dashboard" from the menu on top. It includes publicity for a premium account that you can ignore plus a checklist that includes tutorials (including videos) that will teach you how to edit your site.
- Explore the checklist
- Alternatively, click on Builder or Pages in the top menu.
2.1.4 Edit a page
- Click on Builder (top right)
- You now can select elements (modules) in the bottom panel or adapt the structure of the page you were working (most likely the home page)
- To work on another page, click on Pages (top right) and select another page from the list.
2.1.5 Add/organize pages
- Click on pages (top right)
- You now can create new pages, hide pages from the menu, delete pages, or re-order pages.
2.2 Blogger / Blogspot
“Blogger (formerly Blogspot until 2006) is a blog publishing system. It was created by Pyra Labs, which was bought by Google in 2003. The service itself is located at www.blogger.com, and blogs that do not publish to their own websites are hosted by Google at subdomains of blogspot.com.” (Wikipedia, retrieved 19:25, 13 August 2009 (UTC)).
See the blog article for some background information
- Empty example used for demos:
- Others: Blogger is one of the top 10 or 20 websites. Explore Blogs of Note (from the blogger team).
2.2.2 The procedure jan 2011
- Create a account (you may do this later, i.e. Blogger will ask you)
- You may have to adjust the language which is a bit awkward. One way to do it is to find a help page (aide) or open the google search page. Then select English and come back. You may have to empty the cache of your web browser or restart.
- Go to http://blogger.com/
- Click on "Create a blog"
- Define a blog title
- Define the URL part (no blank spaces nor special characters)
- Choose from a template (you can change it later)
At this point you can start customizing your blog or adding contents
- The Dashboard / change the settings of your blog
As soon as you created a blog, you will have access to a Dashboard that allows to manage all blogs created. By default, when you log into http://blogger.com you will land in the Dashboard.
The Dashboard also allows you to manage a blog roll and it can act as an RSS reader.
From the Dashboard (blogs management), you can:
- click on "View Blog" to see your blog
- If you can see your blog, click on either design or New Post (top right) to enter a configuration page.
- The administration tool
- Includes several tabs for different functionality like layout, posting or settings
Below you can see a screenshot for the posting tool that allows you to insert a new article. You also can edit 10 static pages.
- Settings configuration
Click on the Settings tab. There exist a number of options (most are easy to understand and harmless).
- It is important to define who can comment (select the comments tab). It's a good idea to be restrictive, else you will get [[[spam]]med.
- You can define a custom domain (but that requires work with your domain name registrar or buying a domain name through Google)
- You can add users that are allowed to edit (they also must have a Google account)
- Layout configuration
Depending on the layout you have chosen, you can edit various "places" in your blogging page. A central important space is reserved for your articles.
Click on the Design tab and play around with the various edit links. You first can try to change the page elements:
- the navigation bar
- configure the display of blog entries in the "Blog Posts" area.
- Add widgets (the ones provided by Google or your own, e.g. there is a "basic widget" that will allow to insert HTML code. You can move placeholders up and down.
You then can change fonts and colors, or pick a new template before you do this. Advanced users can click on "Edit" HTML to define a new template, before you start playing with HTML code, read Can I edit the HTML of my blog's layout?
2.2.3 Support and documentation
- Blogger help (Entry page for the official documentation)
- The official blogger buzz
- Blogger (service) (Short Wikipedia overview article)
2.3 Google sites
“Google Sites is an online application that makes creating a team web site as easy as editing a document. With Google Sites, people can quickly gather a variety of information in one place -- including videos, calendars, presentations, attachments, and text -- and easily share it for viewing or editing with a small group, their entire organization, or the world.” (What is Google Sites?, retrieved 19:25, 13 August 2009 (UTC)).
Example (for demo purposes): danielkschneider
- Select and configure a theme
- Create a page hierarchy. Create a page and then tell where it goes.
- Each subpage can be of a given type, e.g. WebPage, File Cabinet, Dashboard (widget inclusion), List)
- You may manage permissions
- Custom templates that you can edit
- Instead of using the web interface, you can publish to blogger with a variety of tools, e.g. MS Office 2007.
2.3.2 The procedure aug 2009
The 2012 edition follows the same logic, but the Interface is a bit different and probably somewhat easier to use - Daniel K. Schneider 21:00, 20 March 2012 (CET).
It is best to go through the official help, in particular the "Getting started" and "working with ..." sections. Below, we will just summarize a few essential operations. Please, also note that the Interface can change at any time, i.e. our screen dumps may be outdated.
- This service is free
- You need a Google account (if you don't have one, you will have a chance to create one)
- Creation of a web site
- Go to http://sites.google.com/
- If you don't already have a Google, you can sign up now.
- Then, create a new site. You will have to
- enter a site name and a site URL and optional site description
- Choose a theme
- Accept or change viewing permission
- Start creating pages
You then should see something like this:
You may create other web sites. To do so, click on the "My sites" link (top right). But let's now look at page creation
- Editing a page
To edit a page, click on the Edit page button. In your first page (i.e. the default home page) you can edit two areas: the title area and a text area. Besides entering text you also can insert special contents like pictures, Google applications and other widgets using the "Insert menu". There is an "undo" feature. After your modification click on "Save" (twice).
- Creating pages
Now you should play around with the various page types Google sites offers. Each page type offers slightly different features and a different default page layout.
- Click on the Create page button (top right)
- You then can select from 5 different page models as the screenshot below shows:
- Web page
- Dashboard: to display a collection of widgets
- Announcements: a sort of mini blogging application
- File Cabinet: a page that you may use to index files for download, e.g. a PDF file
- List: A page to create lists, e.g. links
- Enter a name for the page
- Specify where in the page hierarchy it should be inserted (you may change this later)
Note: If you trouble finding the editing/administration interface, enter the http://sites.google.com/ URL and start again (you may have been logged out for one or another reason).
- Configuring the web site
- To reconfigure the web site, e.g. change its theming template, select "manage site" from the "More actions" pulldown menu to the right.
- In the same pulldown menu, you also will find a "site preview" button that will show the page as a viewer will see it.
- To move the current page to another place in the page hierarchy: use "move" (again in the "More actions" menu)
The "Manage site" page allows you for example
- to change the layout and to add items to the navigation panel (that sits on the left by default)
- to change the theme
- to redirect traffic from a site you own.
- to change access permissions
2.3.3 Support and documentation
- http://www.google.com/sites/help/intl/en/overview.html (video and examples)
- ... also: don't forget to hit the "help" button (top right)
Creating a site with Mixxt is fairly easy:
- Go to http://mixxt.com
- Fill in the form (including a valid email address)
- You will have to confirm by email
- Demo site
- http://coap.mixxt.ch/ (overloaded and almost empty)
2.4.1 Configuration tips
- The administration interface
By clicking on admin (if you have administrator) rights you will land in the Administration tool.
Things to do for starters:
- Select features, i.e. a list of tools
- Configure the main (default) page.
- Select a theme and fine tune its style.
- You can go back to contents view by clicking on the site name on top or on any other item chosen from the menu on top.
Each Mixxt site can include a certain number of tools. When you create a site you can define an initial list that you later can change, i.e. activate features or disactivate features
- Main page
- You can remove features (i.e. they will not show as widgets and users still can access these through the menu on top).
- You then can define where various widgets will show
2.4.2 Mixxt tips for creating a good site
When we registered our Mixxt site on Jan 11 2011, we received the following tips by email:
- Other alternatives
See the Social networking article for a list of similar services. In education, for example, SocialGo, Spruz and webs also seem to be fairly popular as of Jan 2011 - Daniel K. Schneider 17:45, 11 January 2011 (CET)
2.5 Netvibes webtop
“Founded by Tariq Krim in 2005, Netvibes pioneered the personalized homepage as alternative to traditional web portals. Netvibes lets individuals assemble their favorite widgets, websites, blogs, email accounts, social networks, search engines, instant messengers, photos, videos, podcasts, and everything else they enjoy on the web - all in one place.” (About Netvibes, retrieved Aug 2009.
2.5.1 The procedure March 2012
- Go to http://netvibes.com
- Click on the "Sign up" button
- You will get some email confirmation that you will have to validate
Once you are signed in, you will get one or several default private pages (only you can see these) that you may now configure in various ways. Each page is represented by a tab. To change the look of a page, click on the little "Edit" link in the tab of the currently selected page. You then can do the following
- the column layout
- Change the little icon
- Publish the page so that others can see it.
Creating new pages and deleting pages
- To create new page, click on the "New Tab" link
- To delete a page, Click on the "Edit" link and then "delete this tab" (to the right in the 2012 edition)
- To add widgets that are featured by Netvibes, use the the "Add content" button. In particular, you may start looking at the essential widgets.
- Getting rid of widgets: Click on the "close" x icon (top right on each widget)
Adding other widgets
In principle you can add most other kinds of widgets. To do so, use the following steps
- Insert a HTML widget, also called UWA module (you can find it in the "Essential widgets")
- Do not try to search for it, since you may rather find widgets like HTML Box or HTML/Text (these may be useful for other purposes ...)
- Click on the "Edit button" (top right of the widget) and just paste the widget code.
Changing the view
- You either can look at all the widget or just read contents of news widgets. Choose between widgets and reader (top most menu bar)
Creating a public webtop
- See the options in the Dashboard menu: Select "Manage" and enable your public pages.
- You now can share each TAB of your private webtop. Select the pull-down menu and "Share on you page"
2.5.2 Examples and support
- Netvibes tour A short click-through features description
- Netvibes Universes (eco systems). Lists popular public pages, e.g. OpenLearn
- Netvibes Inspiration
2.6 Other online services of interest
- Various web site creating services like Webs. These offer a free version with advertisement and various (fairly cheap) commercial versions.
- Various kinds of wikis, in particular wiki hosting services that are easy to use, such as pbWiki or WikiSpaces.
3 Links and bibliography
3.1 Free webhosting and webcontents services
- Social networking (includes a list of hosting services)
- Freewebspace.net has a Free webhosting database. Some of these services include a web page generator/site builder.
- Weblog software (A list from Wikipedia, see the section Developer-hosted platforms).
- Introductory books (we didn't get any, so none is endorsed)
- Hernandez, M. (2009). Ning for dummies. Hoboken NJ: Wiley Pub.
- Hay, D. (2009). A survival guide to social media and Web 2.0 optimization : strategies, tactics, and tools for succeeding in the social web. Austin Tex.: Wiggy Press / Dalton Pub.
- For teachers
- There are many more books and online resources
- Solomon, G. (2007). Web 2.0 : new tools, new schools (1st ed.). Eugene Or.: International Society for Technology in Education.