Conole and Fill learning taxonomy

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Draft

1 Introduction

I am trying to visualize the learning(/pedagogy/technology) taxonomies that Graíne Conole et al. came up with. The taxonomy is somewhat provisional. I did throw it together from various Concole and Fill publications, PPT slides, the DialogPlus website, and a little amount of salt and pepper. One of my main contributions was to add "Toilet-learning" - obviously - since I plan to print out an A1 or A0 poster once I am happy and decorate one of the toilet doors at TECFA with it - Daniel K. Schneider 18:26, 25 May 2010 (UTC).

I then started adding desert and other stuff and will continue for a while. Once done, I only will keep the best example (whatever that will mean) - Daniel K. Schneider 21:52, 31 May 2010 (UTC)

To do list:

  • Add some missing ingredients (e.g. in the tools sections, instructional design models, scenario design patterns,etc.)
  • Rethink (maybe) the hierarchy
  • Remove some clouds (maybe) and/or produce multi-page graphs
  • Create both a most simple and most complex version of the input data
  • ....

See also

For visualization, I am using automatic layout mechanisms and various hierarchy schemes available through the Graphviz program.

How to use:

  • In this page, you only see so-called thumbnails
  • Click on the various pictures to enlarge and keep clicking until you will reach the *.SVG image (the original is A0 size, i.e. a rather big poster). Of course, you need a real web browser (e.g. Firefox, Opera, Safari ... it won't work with IE).
  • Printing: Go down to SVG pictures, then print to a PDF file (e.g. for A3 paper). Then print the PDF (my printer didn't want to print SVG). Also, since I am not yet happy with the results, I did not print a poster (but from PDF it should work just fine).

To create your own:

  • Below, there some graphviz source code (not necessarily the latest version)
  • Read the Graphviz article for more info about this infoviz software set ....

2 FDP layout

The input file is strongly clustered (as you can see with the boxes). Else you would see a haystack. This visualization is almost hierarchical. Some extra edges are the dotted lines starting from the tasks node.

2.1 Conole and Fill

A first attempt, inspired by various texts, PPTs etc.)

Learning taxonomy - take 1 - FDP layout engine - portrait

2.2 Conole and Fill + methods

Instructional design methods + desing tools thrown in ....

Learning taxonomy - take 2 - FDP layout engine - portrait

2.3 Conole and Fill + methods +

Instructional design methods + desing tools + more tools thrown in .... Settings (that produces this stretching effect). Fonts are very small (too small probably for a poster)

overlap="prism1000";
overlap_scaling=1.5;
Learning taxonomy - take 3 - FDP layout engine - portrait

2.4 Conole and Fill + methods + separated

This visualization removes all top-level edges (has several top-level nodes). Not the most pretty, but probably the most functional poster so far - 14:31, 28 May 2010 (UTC)

Learning taxonomy - take 3 - FDP layout engine - portrait

3 SFDP layout

These visualizations are hierarchical in principle and are good compromise between seeing the big picture and smaller clusters as well.

ratio = expand

3.1 A0 size portrait

Learning taxonomy - take 1 - SFDP layout engine - portrait

3.2 A0 size square

Learning taxonomy - take 1 - SFDP layout engine - square

3.3 A0 size landscape

Learning taxonomy - take 1 - SFDP layout engine - landscape

3.4 A0 size + spring

ratio = expand
smoothing="spring";

A0 size landscape:

Learning taxonomy - take 1 - SFDP layout engine - spring smoothing- landscape

3.5 A0 size landscape +

Extra ingredients added (design methods)

Learning taxonomy - take 2 - SFDP layout engine - landscape

3.6 A0 size landscape ++

Extra ingredients added (design methods + more tools). A more spread out visualisation (reduced overlap)

Settings:

overlap="prism1000";
overlap_scaling=1.5; 
repulsiveforce = 2;
nodesep=3;
quadtree ="none";
Learning taxonomy - take 2 - SFDP layout engine - landscape

3.7 A0 size ++ no root

Extra ingredients added (design methods + more tools). A more spread out visualisation (reduced overlap) without central root node. Fairly ergonomic probably. Also avoids the problem what stance to adopt with respect of attaching ingredients to either activity or task or both ...

Learning taxonomy - take 3 - SFDP layout engine - portrait

3.8 A0 size landscape ++

A quite good visualization. Splines, thicker lines between main nodes

Learning taxonomy - take 3.1 - SFDP layout engine - landscape

4 Neato layout

4.1 version 3 model

A very slow model to compute since the neato model is rather meant for small graphs (e.g. concept maps and other sorts of diagrams).

Parameters: click on the thumbnail

One of the best looking visualizations, but probably the most useless

Learning taxonomy - take 3 - Neato layout engine

4.2 version 3.1 model

A bit more useful (added more ellipses and landscape format)

Learning taxonomy - take 3 - Neato layout engine

5 TwoPi layout

Learning taxonomy - take 1 - SFDP layout engine

6 In-wiki graphviz generation

(removed)

I don't think that it is a good idea to use this wiki's graphviz interface to render large graphs, since it can only show the raw image (no thumbnail) - Daniel K. Schneider 17:57, 25 May 2010 (UTC).

7 Graphviz source code

I got several versions.

7.1 Hierarchical cluster model version 2

Here is one that adds some methods with respect to original Conole and Fill sources and that goes well with FDP and SFDP layout engines.

/*
Conole, Conole & Fill Learning and pedagogy taxonomy
Reloaded by Daniel K. Schneider, TECFA, University of Geneva, i.e. I put this together
from a variety of resources (papers, PPTs, Cloudworks, and DialogPlus + a bit of my own
http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Conole_and_Fill_learning_taxonomy

ftp/sfdp layout models

Optimized for the following kinds of dot commands:
dot -s72 -Kfdp -Tsvg learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.svg
dot -s72 -Ksfdp -Tsvg learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-sfdp-3.svg
dot -s72 -Kfdp -Tdot learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-fdp.dot

However:
* some attributes and even links (edges) needs to be ajusted for different layout models. E.g. sftp works best with a strictly hierarchical graph.
* some attributes are ignored, i.e. sfdp doesn't look at clusters or pos

*/ 


# -- start of the graph

digraph learning_taxonomy {

# A0 landscape page size - should print fine as poster
# Size in inches of an A0 page is 48.8x33.1
# Size in points would be "3355,2383" points (1 inch = 72 points);
# Positions don't seem to work with sdfp :(

# A0 landscape
size="46.8,33.1";
# A0 portrait page size
// size="33.1,46.8";
# A0 square
# size="33.1,33.1";

# ratio is CRUCIAL
# either fill or expand will extend the graph to the size defined above, else you will get a thrown together mess
ratio="fill";
// ratio="expand";
# quadType="none";
// smoothing="spring";

# --- other global parameters to play with (some not working/useful)

# width/height ratio
// aspect=0.7;

# K=2;

# len=1;

# rankdir=LR;
# Remove overlap but stretch too much, always also define scaling
// overlap=prism1000;
// overlap_scaling=0.5;

# --- node and edge params

node [fontsize=14,fontname="Arial",shape=none,nodesep=2];
edge [arrowhead=normal,arrowsize=0.3]

# #################################### the nodes and links ##########################################3
# Arranged in some sort of depth first, since this allows to insert color tags

# -- learning activity - THE ROOT - should be in the middle somewhere
"learning\n activity" [label="Learning Activity\n(Conole and Fill\nreloaded by DKS)",shape=ellipse,fontcolor=black,style=filled,color=yellow];
//,pos="1600,1200"
"learning\n activity"->"context";
"learning\n activity"->"learning\n outcomes" ;
"learning\n activity"->"outputs" ;
"learning\n activity"->"resources" ;
"learning\n activity"->"roles" ;
"learning\n activity"->"tasks" ;
"learning\n activity"->"tools" ;

# -- -- non hierarchical links 
# REMOVE for SFDP layout ...

/*
"tasks"->"roles" [style="dotted"];
"tasks"->"resources" [style="dotted"];
"tasks"->"outputs" [style="dotted"];
"tasks"->"tools" [style="dotted"];
*/

# -- -- context

subgraph cluster_1 {

"context" [shape=ellipse,color=lightgrey,style=filled,fontcolor="black"];
"context"->"environment\n type";
"context"->"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"
"context"->"learning\n and teaching\n approaches";
"context"->"other\n context";

# -- -- environment type
subgraph cluster_1_1 {
node [fontcolor="green"];
"environment\n type" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="green"];
"environment\n type"->"audio-based";
"environment\n type"->"computer-based";
"environment\n type"->"field-based";
"environment\n type"->"laboratory-based";
"environment\n type"->"lecture-based";
"environment\n type"->"seminar-based";
"environment\n type"->"simulator";
"environment\n type"->"video-based";
"environment\n type"->"work-based";
"environment\n type"->"toilet-learning";
"environment\n type"->"mixed";
}

# -- -- learning and teaching approaches
subgraph cluster_1_2 {
node [fontcolor="magenta"];
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"  [shape=ellipse,color=magenta,style="filled"];

"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"associative\n models";
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"cognitive\n models";
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"situative\n models";
subgraph cluster_1_2_1 {
"associative\n models"->"behaviourist";
"associative\n models"->"didactic";
"associative\n models"->"elaboration\n theory";
"associative\n models"->"direct\n instruction";
"associative\n models"->"intelligent\n tutoring\n systems";
"associative\n models"->"training\n needs\n analysis";
}
subgraph cluster_1_2_2 {
"cognitive\n models"->"active\n learning";
"cognitive\n models"->"case\n study";
"cognitive\n models"->"conceptual";
"cognitive\n models"->"constructivist";
"cognitive\n models"->"enquiry-led";
"cognitive\n models"->"experiment model";
"cognitive\n models"->"field\n trip";
"cognitive\n models"->"goal-based\n scenario";
"cognitive\n models"->"procedural";
"cognitive\n models"->"project-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"project-methodology-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"resource-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"role play\n model";
"cognitive\n models"->"writing\n to learn";
}
subgraph cluster_1_2_3 {
"situative\n models"->"action\n research";
"situative\n models"->"expansive\n learning";
"situative\n models"->"collaborative";
"situative\n models"->"dialogic";
"situative\n models"->"experiential";
"situative\n models"->"problem-based";
"situative\n models"->"reflective\n practitioner";
"situative\n models"->"vicarious\n learning";
}
}

# -- -- instructional design methods
subgraph cluster_1_3 {
node [fontcolor="magenta"];
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"  [shape=ellipse,color=magenta,style="filled"];
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"->"design\n approach";
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"->"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools";
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"->"educational\n design\n tools\n";

subgraph cluster_1_3_1 {
"design\n approach"->"light-weight\n design";
"design\n approach"->"systemic design process models";
"design\n approach"->"lesson planning approach";
}

subgraph cluster_1_3_2 {
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Celtx";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Collage";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Compendium LD";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"DialogPlus Toolkit";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"EXe";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"EduWeaver";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"LAMS";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"MOTPlus";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"MoCoLaDe";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"ModX";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"OASIF";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"PALO";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Phoebe pedagogic planner";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Prolix graphical learning modeller";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"ReCourse editor";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Reload Editor";
}

subgraph cluster_1_3_3 {
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"BPEL";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"CPM";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"CSCL script";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"CoUML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Developing design\n documents (3D) model";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"E2ML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"ELML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"IMS Content\n Packaging";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"IMS Learning Design";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"IMS Simple\n Sequencing";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learner interaction\n scripting language";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning Design\n Support Environment";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning Material\n Markup Language";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning activity\n reference model";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning object\n standard";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"MISA";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Narrative diagram";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"SCORM 1.2";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"TeachML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"UML activity\n diagram";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Xerte";
}
}

# -- -- the other\n context
# various other stuff, btw. could be developed by looking a LOM
subgraph cluster_1_4 {
node [fontcolor="black"];
"other\n context" [shape=ellipse,color=lightgrey,style=filled,fontcolor="black"];
"other\n context"->"aims";
"other\n context"->"difficulty";
"other\n context"->"pre-requisites";
"other\n context"->"skills";
"other\n context"->"subject";
"other\n context"->"time";
"skills"->"key\n skills";
"skills"->"study\n skills";
}
}

# -- -- learning outcomes
subgraph cluster_3 {
node [fontcolor="red"];
"learning\n outcomes" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="red"];
"learning\n outcomes"->"affective\n outcomes";
"learning\n outcomes"->"cognitive\n outcomes";
"learning\n outcomes"->"psychomotor\n outcomes";

subgraph cluster_3_1 {
"affective\n outcomes"->"Aesthetic\n appreciation";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Appreciate";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Commitment";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Ethical\n awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Listen";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Moral\n awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Responsive";
}

subgraph cluster_3_2 {
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"analysis\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"application\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"comprehension\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"evaluation\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"knowledge\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"synthesis\n outcomes";
subgraph cluster_3_2_1 {
"analysis\n outcomes"->"Analyse";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"break\n down";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"compare";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"compare\n and\n contrast";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"critique(2)";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"differentiate\n between";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"distinguish\n between";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"list\n components\n of";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"predict";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"select(2)";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_2 {
"application\n outcomes"->"apply(2)";
"application\n outcomes"->"assemble";
"application\n outcomes"->"calculate";
"application\n outcomes"->"construct";
"application\n outcomes"->"demonstrate";
"application\n outcomes"->"hypothesise";
"application\n outcomes"->"infer";
"application\n outcomes"->"investigate(2)";
"application\n outcomes"->"produce";
"application\n outcomes"->"select(3)";
"application\n outcomes"->"solve";
"application\n outcomes"->"translate";
"application\n outcomes"->"use";
"application\n outcomes"->"write(3)";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_3 {
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"clarify";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"describe\n reasons\n for";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"explain";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"identify";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"identify\n causes of";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"illustrate";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"question";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"understand";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_4 {
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"criticise(2)";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"evaluate";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"feedback";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"give\n arguments\n for and against";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"judge";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"reflect";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_5 {
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"draw(2)";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"find out/discover";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"list";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"pronounce";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recall";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recite";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recognise";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"reproduce";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"select(4)";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"specify";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"state";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_6 {
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"argue";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"design";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"explain\n reasons for";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"generalise";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"organise";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"summarise";
}
}

subgraph cluster_3_3 {
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"draw(3)";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"make";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"perform";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"play";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"psychomotor\n exercise";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"jump";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"run";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"swim";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"throw";
}

}

# -- -- outputs
subgraph cluster_5 {
node [fontcolor="red"];
"outputs" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="red"];
"outputs"->"artefact";
"outputs"->"assignment(2)";
"outputs"->"book";
"outputs"->"concept";
"outputs"->"dissertation";
"outputs"->"essay(2)";
"outputs"->"map";
"outputs"->"paper";
"outputs"->"performance(2)";
"outputs"->"portfolio(2)";
"outputs"->"presentation(2)";
"outputs"->"product(2)";
"outputs"->"report";
"outputs"->"review";
"outputs"->"wiki productions";
}

# -- -- resources
subgraph cluster_6 {
node [fontcolor="orange"];
"resources"[shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="orange"];
"resources"->"annotated\n bibliography";
"resources"->"content\n in blogs";
"resources"->"content\n in wikis";
"resources"->"course\n information";
"resources"->"course\n reading\n materials";
"resources"->"discussion\n forum\n content";
"resources"->"faqs";
"resources"->"grey\n literature";
"resources"->"interactive\n CD ROM";
"resources"->"mcq";
"resources"->"peer-generated\n resource";
"resources"->"peer-recommended\n sites";
"resources"->"previous\n cohort\n resources";
"resources"->"research\n journal\n articles";
"resources"->"schedule/course\n calendar";
"resources"->"subject-based\n web sites";
"resources"->"template";
}

# -- -- roles
subgraph cluster_7 {
node [fontcolor="grey"];
// ,pos="1600.0,2000.0"
"roles" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="lightgrey"];
"roles"->"role\n type";
"roles"->"skill\n type";

subgraph cluster_7_1 {
"role\n type"->"Assessor\n -\n peer/other";
"role\n type"->"Coach";
"role\n type"->"Deliverer";
"role\n type"->"Facilitator";
"role\n type"->"Group\n leader";
"role\n type"->"Group\n participant";
"role\n type"->"Group\n spokesperson\n (rapporteur)";
"role\n type"->"Individual\n Learner";
"role\n type"->"Mentor";
"role\n type"->"Moderator";
"role\n type"->"Pair\n person";
"role\n type"->"Presenter";
"role\n type"->"Supervisor";
}

subgraph cluster_7_2 {
"skill\n type"->"Ability\n to\n learn";
"skill\n type"->"Computer\n literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Creativity";
"skill\n type"->"Critical\n analysis";
"skill\n type"->"Critical\n reading";
"skill\n type"->"Criticism";
"skill\n type"->"Data\n modelling";
"skill\n type"->"Decision\n making";
"skill\n type"->"E-literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Foreign\n languages";
"skill\n type"->"Group/team\n work";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n technology";
"skill\n type"->"Inference";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n handling";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Interpersonal\n competence";
"skill\n type"->"Library";
"skill\n type"->"Listening\n and\n comprehension";
"skill\n type"->"Literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Logical\n argument";
"skill\n type"->"Making\n notes";
"skill\n type"->"Management\n of\n change";
"skill\n type"->"Negotiating";
"skill\n type"->"Numeracy";
"skill\n type"->"Oral\n communication";
"skill\n type"->"Oral\n presentation";
"skill\n type"->"Planning\n and\n organising";
"skill\n type"->"Practical";
"skill\n type"->"Problem\n solving";
"skill\n type"->"Reading";
"skill\n type"->"Referencing";
"skill\n type"->"Research";
"skill\n type"->"Selecting\n and\n prioritising\n information";
"skill\n type"->"Self\n management";
"skill\n type"->"Self\n reflection";
"skill\n type"->"Summarising";
"skill\n type"->"Synthesis";
"skill\n type"->"Time\n management\n and\n organisation";
"skill\n type"->"Written\n communication";
}
}
# -- -- the tasks
subgraph cluster_8 {
node [fontcolor="blue"];
// ,pos="800.0,2000.0"
"tasks" [shape=ellipse,color=blue,style=filled,fontcolor="white"];
"tasks"->"task\n types";
"tasks"->"task\n technique";
"tasks"->"interaction";
"tasks"->"assessment";
# "tasks"->"sequence";

# -- -- -- tasks types
subgraph cluster_8_1 {
"task\n types"[fontcolor="blue"];
"task\n types"->"adaptive\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"assimilative\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"communicative\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"experiental\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"information\n handling";
"task\n types"->"productive\n tasks";
"adaptive\n tasks"->"modelling";
"adaptive\n tasks"->"simulation\n task";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"read";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"write";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"listen";
"information\n handling"->"gather";
"information\n handling"->"order";
"information\n handling"->"classify";
"information\n handling"->"select";
"information\n handling"->"analyse";
"information\n handling"->"manipulate";
"communicative\n tasks"->"discuss";
"communicative\n tasks"->"present";
"communicative\n tasks"->"debate";
"productive\n tasks"->"compose";
"productive\n tasks"->"create";
"productive\n tasks"->"criticise";
"productive\n tasks"->"critique";
"productive\n tasks"->"draw";
"productive\n tasks"->"produce\n task";
"productive\n tasks"->"remix";
"productive\n tasks"->"sythesize";
"productive\n tasks"->"write(2)";
"experiental\n tasks"->"apply";
"experiental\n tasks"->"experience";
"experiental\n tasks"->"explore";
"experiental\n tasks"->"investigate";
"experiental\n tasks"->"mimick";
"experiental\n tasks"->"perform\n task";
"experiental\n tasks"->"practice";
}

# -- -- -- tasks techniques
subgraph cluster_8_2 {
"task\n technique"->"answering";
"task\n technique"->"asking";
"task\n technique"->"brainstorming";
"task\n technique"->"buzz\n words";
"task\n technique"->"crosswords";
"task\n technique"->"debating";
"task\n technique"->"demonstrating";
"task\n technique"->"discussing";
"task\n technique"->"drill\n and practice";
"task\n technique"->"exercise";
"task\n technique"->"experimenting";
"task\n technique"->"fishbowl";
"task\n technique"->"game\n playing";
"task\n technique"->"ice\n breaker";
"task\n technique"->"investigating";
"task\n technique"->"journaling";
"task\n technique"->"pair\n dialogues";
"task\n technique"->"panel\n discussion";
"task\n technique"->"peer\n exchange";
"task\n technique"->"practising";
"task\n technique"->"presenting";
"task\n technique"->"puzzles";
"task\n technique"->"question/answer";
"task\n technique"->"reflecting";
"task\n technique"->"role\n play";
"task\n technique"->"rounds";
"task\n technique"->"scavenger\n hunt";
"task\n technique"->"snowball";
"task\n technique"->"snowballing";
"task\n technique"->"structured\n debate";
"task\n technique"->"studying";
"task\n technique"->"tutorial";
"task\n technique"->"voting";
"task\n technique"->"web\n search";
}

# -- -- -- (tasks) interaction
subgraph cluster_8_3 {
"interaction"->"1 to 1 student\n to\n student";
"interaction"->"1 to 1 student\n to\n tutor";
"interaction"->"1 to many";
"interaction"->"Class\n based";
"interaction"->"Group\n based";
"interaction"->"Individual";
}

# -- -- -- task assessment
subgraph cluster_8_4 {
"assessment"->"assessment\n type";
"assessment"->"assessment\n technique";
subgraph cluster_8_4_1 {
"assessment\n type"->"diagnostic";
"assessment\n type"->"formative";
"assessment\n type"->"summative";
"assessment\n type"->"not\n assessed";
}
subgraph cluster_8_4_2 {
"assessment\n technique"->"artifact";
"assessment\n technique"->"assignment";
"assessment\n technique"->"contribution\n to discussion";
"assessment\n technique"->"defence";
"assessment\n technique"->"dissertation/thesis";
"assessment\n technique"->"electronic";
"assessment\n technique"->"essay";
"assessment\n technique"->"exercise(2)";
"assessment\n technique"->"face\n to face";
"assessment\n technique"->"field\n work";
"assessment\n technique"->"game";
"assessment\n technique"->"lab\n work";
"assessment\n technique"->"MCQ";
"assessment\n technique"->"notes";
"assessment\n technique"->"objective\n structure\n clinical\n examination";
"assessment\n technique"->"off lab\n records";
"assessment\n technique"->"oral";
"assessment\n technique"->"peer\n assessment";
"assessment\n technique"->"performance";
"assessment\n technique"->"portfolio";
"assessment\n technique"->"practical";
"assessment\n technique"->"presentation";
"assessment\n technique"->"product";
"assessment\n technique"->"role\n play ass.";
"assessment\n technique"->"self\n assessment";
"assessment\n technique"->"short\n answer";
"assessment\n technique"->"simulation";
"assessment\n technique"->"small-scale\n research/enquiry";
"assessment\n technique"->"summary";
"assessment\n technique"->"test";
"assessment\n technique"->"viva";
}
}
}

# -- -- tools
subgraph cluster_10 {
node [fontcolor="green"];
"tools" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="green"];
"tools"->"bibliographic\n software";
"tools"->"blogs";
"tools"->"caa\n tools";
"tools"->"cd/dvd";
"tools"->"chat";
"tools"->"concordancer";
"tools"->"database";
"tools"->"digital\n audio";
"tools"->"digital\n video";
"tools"->"discussion\n board";
"tools"->"electronic\n library";
"tools"->"email";
"tools"->"graphic\n package";
"tools"->"instant\n messaging";
"tools"->"ipod/mp3\n player";
"tools"->"image\n software";
"tools"->"memory\n stick";
"tools"->"mind map";
"tools"->"modelling\n nvivo";
"tools"->"online\n assessment";
"tools"->"podcast";
"tools"->"project\n manager";
"tools"->"search\n engine";
"tools"->"simulation\n software";
"tools"->"spreadsheet";
"tools"->"statistical\n software";
"tools"->"text image\n audio or\n video viewer";
"tools"->"video\n conferencing";
"tools"->"vle/lms";
"tools"->"virtual worlds";
"tools"->"voice\n over IP";
"tools"->"Voting system";
"tools"->"wikis";
"tools"->"word processor";
# "tools"->"adaptive";
# "tools"->"communicative";
# "tools"->"productive";
# "tools"->"narrative";
# "tools"->"interactive";
}

}

7.2 Hierarchical cluster model version 3

Here is a version where I started to modify items and adding more of my own vision (just started adding some methods and learner tools) Still missing badly: Design patters (CSCL macro scripts, educational design models, etc.)

/*
Conole, Conele & Fill Learning and pedagogy taxonomy
Reloaded by Daniel K. Schneider, TECFA, University of Geneva, i.e. I put this together
from a variety of resources (papers, PPTs, Cloudworks, and DialogPlus + a bit of my own
http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Conole_and_Fill_learning_taxonomy

ftp/sfdp layout models

Optimized for the following kinds of dot commands:
dot -s72 -Kfdp -Tsvg learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.svg
dot -s72 -Ksfdp -Tsvg learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-sfdp-3.svg
dot -s72 -Kfdp -Tdot learning-taxonomy-fdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-fdp.dot

However:
* some attributes and even links (edges) needs to be ajusted for different layout models. E.g. sftp works best with a strictly hierarchical graph.
* some attributes are ignored, i.e. sfdp does not look at clusters or pos
* ''pos'' (positions) do not seem to work with sdfp 

*/ 

// -- start of the graph definition

digraph learning_taxonomy {

// -- -- graph attributes

// A0 landscape page size - should print fine as poster, either A0 or A1
// Size in inches of an A0 page is 48.8x33.1
// Size in points would be "3355,2383" points (1 inch = 72 points);

// A0 landscape
// size="46.8,33.1";
// A0 portrait page size
size="33.1,46.8";
// A0 square
// size="33.1,33.1";

// -- ratio is CRUCIAL
// either fill or expand will extend the graph to the size defined above, else you will get a thrown together mess. fill expands in two directions, expand stops when the first is filled.
ratio="fill";
// ratio="expand";

// -- Smoothing - spreads, but may create large overlaps
// smoothing="spring";

// --- other global attributes to play with (some not working/useful)
// some are ignored or overridden by various models/attributes

// -- quadType
quadtree ="none";

// -- width/height ratio
// aspect=0.7;

// -- spring constant (see also smoothing)
// K=2;

// len=1;

// -- Removes overlap but stretch too much, always also define scaling
//    streches out the clusters quite a lot, see the trees but not the forrest
// overlap="prism1000";
// overlap_scaling=2;

// -- packMode (seems to have little or no influence
//    pts around a pack
// pack = 50;
// -- pack method
// packMode = "node";
// packMode = "clust";

// repulsive force - use with SFDP to spread out
// repulsiveforce = 4;

// --- node and edge params

// nodesep and fontsize have a big impact for dot, nodesp only works with dot
node [fontsize=14,fontname="Arial",shape=none,nodesep=2];
edge [arrowhead=normal,arrowsize=0.3]

# #################################### the nodes and links ##########################################3
# Arranged in some sort of depth first, since this allows to insert color tags

# -- learning activity - THE ROOT - should be in the middle somewhere
"learning\n activity" [label="Learning Activity\n(Conole and Fill\nreloaded by DKS)",shape=ellipse,fontcolor=black,style=filled,color=yellow];
//,pos="1600,1200"

// top level edges - you can comment them out if you prefer an easier to read group of trees

"learning\n activity"->"context";
"learning\n activity"->"learning\n outcomes";
"learning\n activity"->"outputs";
"learning\n activity"->"resources";
"learning\n activity"->"roles";
"learning\n activity"->"tasks";
"learning\n activity"->"tools";

# -- -- non hierarchical links 
# REMOVE is you want a nice layout, add more if you prefer a forrest

/*
"tasks"->"roles" [style="dotted"];
"tasks"->"resources" [style="dotted"];
"tasks"->"outputs" [style="dotted"];
"tasks"->"tools" [style="dotted"];
*/

# -- -- context

subgraph cluster_1 {

"context" [shape=ellipse,color=lightgrey,style=filled,fontcolor="black"];
"context"->"environment\n type";
"context"->"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"
"context"->"learning\n and teaching\n approaches";
"context"->"other\n context";

# -- -- environment type
subgraph cluster_1_1 {
node [fontcolor="green"];
"environment\n type" [shape=ellipse,color="green",fontcolor=black];
"environment\n type"->"audio-based";
"environment\n type"->"computer-based";
"environment\n type"->"field-based";
"environment\n type"->"laboratory-based";
"environment\n type"->"lecture-based";
"environment\n type"->"seminar-based";
"environment\n type"->"simulaton-based";
"environment\n type"->"video-based";
"environment\n type"->"work-based";
"environment\n type"->"toilet-learning";
"environment\n type"->"mixed";
}

# -- -- learning and teaching approaches
subgraph cluster_1_2 {
node [fontcolor="magenta"];
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"  [shape=ellipse,color=magenta,style="filled",fontcolor=black];

"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"associative\n models";
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"cognitive\n models";
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"situative\n models";
subgraph cluster_1_2_1 {
"associative\n models"->"behaviourist";
"associative\n models"->"didactic";
"associative\n models"->"elaboration\n theory";
"associative\n models"->"direct\n instruction";
"associative\n models"->"intelligent\n tutoring\n systems";
"associative\n models"->"training\n needs\n analysis";
}
subgraph cluster_1_2_2 {
"cognitive\n models"->"active\n learning";
"cognitive\n models"->"case\n study";
"cognitive\n models"->"conceptual";
"cognitive\n models"->"constructivist";
"cognitive\n models"->"enquiry-led";
"cognitive\n models"->"experiment model";
"cognitive\n models"->"field\n trip";
"cognitive\n models"->"goal-based\n scenario";
"cognitive\n models"->"procedural";
"cognitive\n models"->"project-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"project-methodology-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"resource-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"role play\n model";
"cognitive\n models"->"writing\n to learn";
}
subgraph cluster_1_2_3 {
"situative\n models"->"action\n research";
"situative\n models"->"expansive\n learning";
"situative\n models"->"collaborative";
"situative\n models"->"dialogic";
"situative\n models"->"experiential";
"situative\n models"->"problem-based";
"situative\n models"->"reflective\n practitioner";
"situative\n models"->"vicarious\n learning";
}
}

# -- -- instructional design methods
subgraph cluster_1_3 {
node [fontcolor="cyan"];
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"  [shape=ellipse,color="cyan",style="filled",fontcolor=black];
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"->"design\n approach";
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"->"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools";
"instructional\ndesign\nmethods"->"educational\n design\n tools\n";

subgraph cluster_1_3_1 {
"design\n approach"->"light-weight\n designs";
"design\n approach"->"systems\n designs";
"design\n approach"->"lesson\n planning\n approaches";
}

subgraph cluster_1_3_2 {
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Celtx";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Collage";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Compendium LD";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"DialogPlus Toolkit";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"EXe";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"EduWeaver";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"LAMS";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"MOTPlus";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"MoCoLaDe";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"ModX";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"OASIF";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"PALO";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Phoebe pedagogic planner";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Prolix graphical learning modeller";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"ReCourse editor";
"educational\n design\n tools\n"->"Reload Editor";
}

subgraph cluster_1_3_3 {
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"BPEL";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"CPM";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"CSCL script";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"CoUML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Developing design\n documents (3D) model";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"E2ML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"ELML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"IMS Content\n Packaging";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"IMS Learning Design";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"IMS Simple\n Sequencing";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learner interaction\n scripting language";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning Design\n Support Environment";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning Material\n Markup Language";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning activity\n reference model";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Learning object\n standard";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"MISA";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Narrative diagram";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"SCORM 1.2";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"TeachML";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"UML activity\n diagram";
"educational\n modeling\n languages\n and tools"->"Xerte";
}
}

# -- -- the other\n context
# various other stuff, btw. could be developed by looking a LOM
subgraph cluster_1_4 {
node [fontcolor="black"];
"other\n context" [shape=ellipse,color=lightgrey,fontcolor="black"];
"other\n context"->"aims";
"other\n context"->"difficulty";
"other\n context"->"pre-requisites";
"other\n context"->"skills";
"other\n context"->"subject";
"other\n context"->"time";
"skills"->"key\n skills";
"skills"->"study\n skills";
}
}

# -- -- learning outcomes
subgraph cluster_3 {
node [fontcolor="red"];
"learning\n outcomes" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="red",fontcolor=black];
"learning\n outcomes"->"affective\n outcomes";
"learning\n outcomes"->"cognitive\n outcomes";
"learning\n outcomes"->"psychomotor\n outcomes";

subgraph cluster_3_1 {
"affective\n outcomes" [shape=ellipse,color="red",fontcolor="black"];
"affective\n outcomes"->"Aesthetic\n appreciation";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Appreciate";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Commitment";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Ethical\n awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Listen";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Moral\n awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Responsive";
}

subgraph cluster_3_2 {
"cognitive\n outcomes" [shape=ellipse,color="red",fontcolor="black"];
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"analysis\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"application\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"comprehension\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"evaluation\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"knowledge\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"synthesis\n outcomes";
subgraph cluster_3_2_1 {
"analysis\n outcomes"->"Analyse";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"break\n down";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"compare";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"compare\n and\n contrast";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"critique(2)";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"differentiate\n between";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"distinguish\n between";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"list\n components\n of";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"predict";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"select(2)";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_2 {
"application\n outcomes"->"apply(2)";
"application\n outcomes"->"assemble";
"application\n outcomes"->"calculate";
"application\n outcomes"->"construct";
"application\n outcomes"->"demonstrate";
"application\n outcomes"->"hypothesise";
"application\n outcomes"->"infer";
"application\n outcomes"->"investigate(2)";
"application\n outcomes"->"produce";
"application\n outcomes"->"select(3)";
"application\n outcomes"->"solve";
"application\n outcomes"->"translate";
"application\n outcomes"->"use";
"application\n outcomes"->"write(3)";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_3 {
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"clarify";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"describe\n reasons\n for";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"explain";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"identify";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"identify\n causes of";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"illustrate";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"question";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"understand";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_4 {
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"criticise(2)";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"evaluate";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"feedback";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"give\n arguments\n for and against";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"judge";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"reflect";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_5 {
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"draw(2)";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"find out/discover";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"list";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"pronounce";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recall";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recite";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recognise";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"reproduce";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"select(4)";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"specify";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"state";
}
subgraph cluster_3_2_6 {
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"argue";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"design";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"explain\n reasons for";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"generalise";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"organise";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"summarise";
}
}

subgraph cluster_3_3 {
"psychomotor\n outcomes" [shape=ellipse,color="red",fontcolor="black"];
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"draw(3)";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"make";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"perform";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"play";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"psychomotor\n exercise";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"jump";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"run";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"swim";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"throw";
}

}

# -- -- outputs
subgraph cluster_5 {
node [fontcolor="red"];
"outputs" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="red",fontcolor=black];
"outputs"->"artefact";
"outputs"->"assignment(2)";
"outputs"->"book";
"outputs"->"concept";
"outputs"->"dissertation";
"outputs"->"essay(2)";
"outputs"->"map";
"outputs"->"paper";
"outputs"->"performance(2)";
"outputs"->"portfolio(2)";
"outputs"->"presentation(2)";
"outputs"->"product(2)";
"outputs"->"report";
"outputs"->"review";
"outputs"->"wiki productions";
}

# -- -- resources
subgraph cluster_6 {
node [fontcolor="orange"];
"resources"[shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="orange",fontcolor=black];
"resources"->"annotated\n bibliography";
"resources"->"content\n in blogs";
"resources"->"content\n in wikis";
"resources"->"course\n information";
"resources"->"course\n reading\n materials";
"resources"->"discussion\n forum\n content";
"resources"->"faqs";
"resources"->"grey\n literature";
"resources"->"interactive\n CD ROM";
"resources"->"mcq";
"resources"->"peer-generated\n resource";
"resources"->"peer-recommended\n sites";
"resources"->"previous\n cohort\n resources";
"resources"->"research\n journal\n articles";
"resources"->"schedule/course\n calendar";
"resources"->"subject-based\n web sites";
"resources"->"template";
}

# -- -- roles
subgraph cluster_7 {
node [fontcolor="grey"];
// ,pos="1600.0,2000.0"
"roles" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="lightgrey"];
"roles"->"role\n type";
"roles"->"skill\n type";

subgraph cluster_7_1 {
"role\n type"->"Assessor\n -\n peer/other";
"role\n type"->"Coach";
"role\n type"->"Deliverer";
"role\n type"->"Facilitator";
"role\n type"->"Group\n leader";
"role\n type"->"Group\n participant";
"role\n type"->"Group\n spokesperson\n (rapporteur)";
"role\n type"->"Individual\n Learner";
"role\n type"->"Mentor";
"role\n type"->"Moderator";
"role\n type"->"Pair\n person";
"role\n type"->"Presenter";
"role\n type"->"Supervisor";
}

subgraph cluster_7_2 {
"skill\n type"->"Ability\n to\n learn";
"skill\n type"->"Computer\n literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Creativity";
"skill\n type"->"Critical\n analysis";
"skill\n type"->"Critical\n reading";
"skill\n type"->"Criticism";
"skill\n type"->"Data\n modelling";
"skill\n type"->"Decision\n making";
"skill\n type"->"E-literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Foreign\n languages";
"skill\n type"->"Group/team\n work";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n technology";
"skill\n type"->"Inference";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n handling";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Interpersonal\n competence";
"skill\n type"->"Library";
"skill\n type"->"Listening\n and\n comprehension";
"skill\n type"->"Literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Logical\n argument";
"skill\n type"->"Making\n notes";
"skill\n type"->"Management\n of\n change";
"skill\n type"->"Negotiating";
"skill\n type"->"Numeracy";
"skill\n type"->"Oral\n communication";
"skill\n type"->"Oral\n presentation";
"skill\n type"->"Planning\n and\n organising";
"skill\n type"->"Practical";
"skill\n type"->"Problem\n solving";
"skill\n type"->"Reading";
"skill\n type"->"Referencing";
"skill\n type"->"Research";
"skill\n type"->"Selecting\n and\n prioritising\n information";
"skill\n type"->"Self\n management";
"skill\n type"->"Self\n reflection";
"skill\n type"->"Summarising";
"skill\n type"->"Synthesis";
"skill\n type"->"Time\n management\n and\n organisation";
"skill\n type"->"Written\n communication";
}
}
# -- -- the tasks
subgraph cluster_8 {
node [fontcolor="blue"];
// ,pos="800.0,2000.0"
"tasks" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="blue",fontcolor="white"];
"tasks"->"task\n types";
"tasks"->"task\n technique";
"tasks"->"interaction";
"tasks"->"assessment";
# "tasks"->"sequence";

# -- -- -- tasks types
subgraph cluster_8_1 {
"task\n types" [shape=ellipse,color=blue];
"task\n types"->"adaptive\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"assimilative\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"communicative\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"experiental\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"information\n handling";
"task\n types"->"productive\n tasks";
"adaptive\n tasks"->"modelling";
"adaptive\n tasks"->"simulation\n task";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"read";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"write";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"listen";
"information\n handling"->"gather";
"information\n handling"->"order";
"information\n handling"->"classify";
"information\n handling"->"select";
"information\n handling"->"analyse";
"information\n handling"->"manipulate";
"communicative\n tasks"->"discuss";
"communicative\n tasks"->"present";
"communicative\n tasks"->"debate";
"productive\n tasks"->"compose";
"productive\n tasks"->"create";
"productive\n tasks"->"criticise";
"productive\n tasks"->"critique";
"productive\n tasks"->"draw";
"productive\n tasks"->"produce\n task";
"productive\n tasks"->"remix";
"productive\n tasks"->"sythesize";
"productive\n tasks"->"write(2)";
"experiental\n tasks"->"apply";
"experiental\n tasks"->"experience";
"experiental\n tasks"->"explore";
"experiental\n tasks"->"investigate";
"experiental\n tasks"->"mimick";
"experiental\n tasks"->"perform\n task";
"experiental\n tasks"->"practice";
}

# -- -- -- tasks techniques
subgraph cluster_8_2 {
"task\n technique" [shape=ellipse,color=blue];
"task\n technique"->"answering";
"task\n technique"->"asking";
"task\n technique"->"brainstorming";
"task\n technique"->"buzz\n words";
"task\n technique"->"crosswords";
"task\n technique"->"debating";
"task\n technique"->"demonstrating";
"task\n technique"->"discussing";
"task\n technique"->"drill\n and practice";
"task\n technique"->"exercise";
"task\n technique"->"experimenting";
"task\n technique"->"fishbowl";
"task\n technique"->"game\n playing";
"task\n technique"->"ice\n breaker";
"task\n technique"->"investigating";
"task\n technique"->"journaling";
"task\n technique"->"pair\n dialogues";
"task\n technique"->"panel\n discussion";
"task\n technique"->"peer\n exchange";
"task\n technique"->"practising";
"task\n technique"->"presenting";
"task\n technique"->"puzzles";
"task\n technique"->"question/answer";
"task\n technique"->"reflecting";
"task\n technique"->"role\n play";
"task\n technique"->"rounds";
"task\n technique"->"scavenger\n hunt";
"task\n technique"->"snowball";
"task\n technique"->"snowballing";
"task\n technique"->"structured\n debate";
"task\n technique"->"studying";
"task\n technique"->"tutorial";
"task\n technique"->"voting";
"task\n technique"->"web\n search";
}

# -- -- -- (tasks) interaction
subgraph cluster_8_3 {
"interaction"  [shape=ellipse,color=blue];
"interaction"->"1 to 1 student\n to\n student";
"interaction"->"1 to 1 student\n to\n tutor";
"interaction"->"1 to many";
"interaction"->"Class\n based";
"interaction"->"Group\n based";
"interaction"->"Individual";
}

# -- -- -- task assessment
subgraph cluster_8_4 {
"assessment" [shape=ellipse,color=blue];
"assessment"->"assessment\n type";
"assessment"->"assessment\n technique";
subgraph cluster_8_4_1 {
"assessment\n type"->"diagnostic";
"assessment\n type"->"formative";
"assessment\n type"->"summative";
"assessment\n type"->"not\n assessed";
}
subgraph cluster_8_4_2 {
"assessment\n technique"->"artifact";
"assessment\n technique"->"assignment";
"assessment\n technique"->"contribution\n to discussion";
"assessment\n technique"->"defence";
"assessment\n technique"->"dissertation/thesis";
"assessment\n technique"->"electronic";
"assessment\n technique"->"essay";
"assessment\n technique"->"exercise(2)";
"assessment\n technique"->"face\n to face";
"assessment\n technique"->"field\n work";
"assessment\n technique"->"game";
"assessment\n technique"->"lab\n work";
"assessment\n technique"->"MCQ";
"assessment\n technique"->"notes";
"assessment\n technique"->"objective\n structure\n clinical\n examination";
"assessment\n technique"->"off lab\n records";
"assessment\n technique"->"oral";
"assessment\n technique"->"peer\n assessment";
"assessment\n technique"->"performance";
"assessment\n technique"->"portfolio";
"assessment\n technique"->"practical";
"assessment\n technique"->"presentation";
"assessment\n technique"->"product";
"assessment\n technique"->"role\n play ass.";
"assessment\n technique"->"self\n assessment";
"assessment\n technique"->"short\n answer";
"assessment\n technique"->"simulation";
"assessment\n technique"->"small-scale\n research/enquiry";
"assessment\n technique"->"summary";
"assessment\n technique"->"test";
"assessment\n technique"->"viva";
}
}
}

# -- -- tools
subgraph cluster_10 {
node [fontcolor="green"];
"tools" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="green",fontcolor=black];
"tools"->"data\n tools";
"tools"->"communication\n tools";
"tools"->"writing\n and drawing\n tools";
"tools"->"information\n management\n tools";
"tools"->"ass. management\n tools";
"tools"->"media tools";
"tools"->"integration\ tools";
"tools"->"hardware";

subgraph cluster_10_1 {
"data\n tools";
"data\n tools"->"concordancer";
"data\n tools"->"QDA software";
"data\n tools"->"spreadsheet";
"data\n tools"->"statistical\n software";
"data\n tools"->"simulation\n software";
}

subgraph cluster_10_2 {
"communication\n tools";
"communication\n tools"->"chat";
"communication\n tools"->"discussion\n board";
"communication\n tools"->"email";
"communication\n tools"->"instant\n messaging";
"communication\n tools"->"video\n conferencing";
"communication\n tools"->"voice\n chat";
"communication\n tools"->"Voting/polling\n system";
"communication\n tools"->"micro\nblogging";
"communication\n tools"->"status\n tools";
}

subgraph cluster_10_3 {
"writing\n and drawing\n tools";
"writing\n and drawing\n tools"->"blogs";
"writing\n and drawing\n tools"->"graphic\n package";
"writing\n and drawing\n tools"->"imaging\n software";
"writing\n and drawing\n tools"->"mind map";
"writing\n and drawing\n tools"->"concept map";
"writing\n and drawing\n tools"->"wikis";
"writing\n and drawing\n tools"->"word processor";
}

subgraph cluster_10_4 {
"information\n management\n tools";
"information\n management\n tools"->"bibliographic\n software";
"information\n management\n tools"->"note taking\n software";
"information\n management\n tools"->"search\n engine";
"information\n management\n tools"->"database";
"information\n management\n tools"->"electronic\n libraries";
"information\n management\n tools"->"video/podcast\n services";
"information\n management\n tools"->"(social)\n bookmarking";
"information\n management\n tools"->"organizer\n tools";
}

subgraph cluster_10_5 {
"ass. management\n tools";
"ass. management\n tools"->"assessment\n tools";
"ass. management\n tools"->"self_evaluation\n tools";
"ass. management\n tools"->"grading tools";
}

subgraph cluster_10_6 {
"media tools";
"media tools"->"digital\n audio\ encoder";
"media tools"->"digital\n video\n encoder";
"media tools"->"cd/dvd\n encoder";
"media tools"->"audio\n player";
"media tools"->"video\n viewer";
}

subgraph cluster_10_7 {
"integration\ tools";
"integration\ tools"->"community\n portals";
"integration\ tools"->"web tops";
"integration\ tools"->"project\n manager";
"integration\ tools"->"vle/lms";
"integration\ tools"->"virtual worlds";
"integration\ tools"->"e-portfolios";
"integration\ tools"->"networking\n applications";
"integration\ tools"->"PLEs";
}

subgraph cluster_10_8 {
"hardware";
"hardware"->"printer";
"hardware"->"3D printers\n/fab labs";
"hardware"->"whiteboard";
"hardware"->"interactive\n whiteboard";
"hardware"->"PDAs/smartphones";
"hardware"->"voting\ tools";
"hardware"->"building kits";
"hardware"->"laptops";
"hardware"->"PCs";
"hardware"->"server machine";
"hardware"->"e-books";
"hardware"->"probeware";
"hardware"->"gaming\nhardware";
"hardware"->"tangible\n objects";
"hardware"->"simple toys";
"hardware"->"audio players";
"hardware"->"CD/video/ players";
}

# "tools"->"adaptive";
# "tools"->"communicative";
# "tools"->"productive";
# "tools"->"narrative";
# "tools"->"interactive";

}

}

7.3 Hierarchical simple model version 2

/*
Conole, Conole & Fill Learning and pedagogy taxonomy
Reloaded by Daniel K. Schneider, TECFA, University of Geneva, i.e. I put this together
from a variety of resources (papers, PPTs, Cloudworks, and DialogPlus + a tiny bit of my own
http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Conole_and_Fill_learning_taxonomy

 sfdp layout model

Optimized for the following dot command:
dot -s72 -Ksfdp -Tsvg learning-taxonomy-sfdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-sfdp-2.svg
dot -s72 -Ksfdp -Tpdf learning-taxonomy-sfdp-2.map > learning-taxonomy-sfdp-2.pdf
*/ 

# -- start of the graph

digraph GCF2 {

# A0 landscape page size - should print fine as poster
# Size in inches of an A0 page is 48.8x33.1
# Size in points would be "3355,2383" points (1 inch = 72 points);
# Positions don't seem to work with sdfp :(

# A0 landscape
# size="46.8,33.1";
# A0 portrait page size
size="33.1,46.8";
# A0 square
# size="33.1,33.1";

# CRUCIAL - either fill or expand will extend the graph to the size defined above, else you will get a thrown together mess
ratio="fill";
# ratio="expand";
# quadType="none";
smoothing="spring";

# --- other global parameters to play with (some not working/useful)
# width/height ratio
# aspect=0.7;
# other sizes and ratios
# K=2;
# len=1;
# rankdir=LR;
# overlap=prism;
# overlap_scaling=2;

# --- node and edge params

node [fontsize=14,fontname="Arial",shape=none,nodesep=2];
edge [arrowhead=normal,arrowsize=0.3]

# #################################### the nodes and links ##########################################3
# Arranged in some sort of depth first, since this allows to insert color tags

# -- learning activity - THE ROOT
"learning\n activity" [label="Learning Activity\n(Conole and Fill\nreloaded by DKS)",shape=ellipse,fontcolor=black,style=filled,color=yellow];
"learning\n activity"->"environment\n type";
"learning\n activity"->"learning\n and teaching\n approaches";
"learning\n activity"->"learning\n outcomes";
"learning\n activity"->"other\n context";
"learning\n activity"->"outputs";
"learning\n activity"->"resources";
"learning\n activity"->"roles";
"learning\n activity"->"tasks";
"learning\n activity"->"tools";

# -- -- environment type
node [fontcolor="green"];
"environment\n type" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="green"];
"environment\n type"->"audio-based";
"environment\n type"->"computer-based";
"environment\n type"->"field-based";
"environment\n type"->"laboratory-based";
"environment\n type"->"lecture-based";
"environment\n type"->"seminar-based";
"environment\n type"->"simulator";
"environment\n type"->"video-based";
"environment\n type"->"work-based";
"environment\n type"->"toilet-learning";

# -- -- learning and teaching approaches
node [fontcolor="magenta"];
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"  [shape=ellipse,color=magenta,style="filled",pos="200,-200"];

"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"associative\n models";
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"cognitive\n models";
"learning\n and teaching\n approaches"->"situative\n models";
"associative\n models"->"behaviourist";
"associative\n models"->"didactic";
"associative\n models"->"elaboration\n theory";
"associative\n models"->"instructional\n system\n design";
"associative\n models"->"intelligent\n tutoring\n systems";
"associative\n models"->"training\n needs\n analysis";
"cognitive\n models"->"active\n learning";
"cognitive\n models"->"case\n study";
"cognitive\n models"->"conceptual";
"cognitive\n models"->"constructivist";
"cognitive\n models"->"enquiry-led";
"cognitive\n models"->"experiment model";
"cognitive\n models"->"field\n trip";
"cognitive\n models"->"goal-based\n scenario";
"cognitive\n models"->"procedural";
"cognitive\n models"->"project-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"resource-based";
"cognitive\n models"->"role play\ model";
"situative\n models"->"action\n research";
"situative\n models"->"activity\n theory";
"situative\n models"->"collaborative";
"situative\n models"->"dialogic";
"situative\n models"->"experiential";
"situative\n models"->"problem-based";
"situative\n models"->"reflective\n practitioner";
"situative\n models"->"vicarious\n learning";

# -- -- learning outcomes
node [fontcolor="red"];
"learning\n outcomes" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="red"];
"learning\n outcomes"->"affective\n outcomes";
"learning\n outcomes"->"cognitive\n outcomes";
"learning\n outcomes"->"psychomotor\n outcomes";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Aesthetic\n appreciation";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Appreciate";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Commitment";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Ethical\n awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Listen";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Moral\n awareness";
"affective\n outcomes"->"Responsive";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"analysis\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"application\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"comprehension\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"evaluation\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"knowledge\n outcomes";
"cognitive\n outcomes"->"synthesis\n outcomes";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"Analyse";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"break\n down";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"compare";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"compare\n and\n contrast";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"critique(2)";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"differentiate\n between";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"distinguish\n between";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"list\n components\n of";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"predict";
"analysis\n outcomes"->"select(2)";
"application\n outcomes"->"apply(2)";
"application\n outcomes"->"assemble";
"application\n outcomes"->"calculate";
"application\n outcomes"->"construct";
"application\n outcomes"->"demonstrate";
"application\n outcomes"->"hypothesise";
"application\n outcomes"->"infer";
"application\n outcomes"->"investigate(2)";
"application\n outcomes"->"produce";
"application\n outcomes"->"select(3)";
"application\n outcomes"->"solve";
"application\n outcomes"->"translate";
"application\n outcomes"->"use";
"application\n outcomes"->"write(3)";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"clarify";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"describe\n reasons\n for";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"explain";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"identify";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"identify\n causes of";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"illustrate";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"question";
"comprehension\n outcomes"->"understand";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"criticise(2)";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"evaluate";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"feedback";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"give\n arguments\n for and against";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"judge";
"evaluation\n outcomes"->"reflect";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"draw(2)";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"find out/discover";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"list";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"pronounce";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recall";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recite";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"recognise";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"reproduce";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"select(4)";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"specify";
"knowledge\n outcomes"->"state";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"argue";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"design";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"explain\n reasons for";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"generalise";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"organise";
"synthesis\n outcomes"->"summarise";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"jump";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"run";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"swim";
"psychomotor\n exercise"->"throw";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"draw(3)";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"make";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"perform";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"play";
"psychomotor\n outcomes"->"psychomotor\n exercise";

# -- -- the other\n context
# various other stuff, btw. could be developed by looking a LOM
node [fontcolor="black"];
"other\n context" [shape=ellipse,color=lightgrey,style=filled,fontcolor="black"];
"other\n context"->"aims";
"other\n context"->"difficulty";
"other\n context"->"pre-requisites";
"other\n context"->"skills";
"other\n context"->"subject";
"other\n context"->"time";
"skills"->"key\n skills";
"skills"->"study\n skills";

# -- -- outputs
node [fontcolor="red"];
"outputs" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="red"];
"outputs"->"artefact";
"outputs"->"assignment(2)";
"outputs"->"book";
"outputs"->"concept";
"outputs"->"dissertation";
"outputs"->"essay(2)";
"outputs"->"map";
"outputs"->"paper";
"outputs"->"performance(2)";
"outputs"->"portfolio(2)";
"outputs"->"presentation(2)";
"outputs"->"product(2)";
"outputs"->"report";
"outputs"->"review";

# -- -- resources
node [fontcolor="orange"];
"resources"[shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="orange"];
"resources"->"annotated\n bibliography";
"resources"->"content\n in blogs";
"resources"->"content\n in wikis";
"resources"->"course\n information";
"resources"->"course\n reading\n materials";
"resources"->"discussion\n forum\n content";
"resources"->"faqs";
"resources"->"grey\n literature";
"resources"->"interactive\n CD ROM";
"resources"->"mcq";
"resources"->"peer-generated\n resource";
"resources"->"peer-recommended\n sites";
"resources"->"previous\n cohort\n resources";
"resources"->"research\n journal\n articles";
"resources"->"schedule/course\n calendar";
"resources"->"subject-based\n web sites";
"resources"->"template";

# -- -- roles

node [fontcolor="grey"];
"roles" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="lightgrey"];
"roles"->"Assessor\n -\n peer/other";
"roles"->"Coach";
"roles"->"Deliverer";
"roles"->"Facilitator";
"roles"->"Group\n leader";
"roles"->"Group\n participant";
"roles"->"Group\n spokesperson\n (rapporteur)";
"roles"->"Individual\n Learner";
"roles"->"Mentor";
"roles"->"Moderator";
"roles"->"Pair\n person";
"roles"->"Presenter";
"roles"->"Supervisor";
"roles"->"skill\n type";
"skill\n type"->"Ability\n to\n learn";
"skill\n type"->"Computer\n literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Creativity";
"skill\n type"->"Critical\n analysis";
"skill\n type"->"Critical\n reading";
"skill\n type"->"Criticism";
"skill\n type"->"Data\n modelling";
"skill\n type"->"Decision\n making";
"skill\n type"->"E-literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Foreign\n languages";
"skill\n type"->"Group/team\n work";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n technology";
"skill\n type"->"Inference";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n handling";
"skill\n type"->"Information\n literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Interpersonal\n competence";
"skill\n type"->"Library";
"skill\n type"->"Listening\n and\n comprehension";
"skill\n type"->"Literacy";
"skill\n type"->"Logical\n argument";
"skill\n type"->"Making\n notes";
"skill\n type"->"Management\n of\n change";
"skill\n type"->"Negotiating";
"skill\n type"->"Numeracy";
"skill\n type"->"Oral\n communication";
"skill\n type"->"Oral\n presentation";
"skill\n type"->"Planning\n and\n organising";
"skill\n type"->"Practical";
"skill\n type"->"Problem\n solving";
"skill\n type"->"Reading";
"skill\n type"->"Referencing";
"skill\n type"->"Research";
"skill\n type"->"Selecting\n and\n prioritising\n information";
"skill\n type"->"Self\n management";
"skill\n type"->"Self\n reflection";
"skill\n type"->"Summarising";
"skill\n type"->"Synthesis";
"skill\n type"->"Time\n management\n and\n organisation";
"skill\n type"->"Written\n communication";

# -- -- the tasks
node [fontcolor="blue"];
"tasks" [shape=ellipse,color=blue,style=filled,fontcolor="white"];
"tasks"->"task\n types";
"tasks"->"task\n technique";
"tasks"->"interaction";
"tasks"->"assessment";
# "tasks"->"sequence";

# -- -- -- tasks types
"task\n types"[fontcolor="blue"];
"task\n types"->"adaptive\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"assimilative\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"communicative\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"experiental\n tasks";
"task\n types"->"information\n handling";
"task\n types"->"productive\n tasks";
"adaptive\n tasks"->"modelling";
"adaptive\n tasks"->"simulation\n task";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"read";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"write";
"assimilative\n tasks"->"listen";
"information\n handling"->"gather";
"information\n handling"->"order";
"information\n handling"->"classify";
"information\n handling"->"select";
"information\n handling"->"analyse";
"information\n handling"->"manipulate";
"communicative\n tasks"->"discuss";
"communicative\n tasks"->"present";
"communicative\n tasks"->"debate";
"productive\n tasks"->"compose";
"productive\n tasks"->"create";
"productive\n tasks"->"criticise";
"productive\n tasks"->"critique";
"productive\n tasks"->"draw";
"productive\n tasks"->"produce\n task";
"productive\n tasks"->"remix";
"productive\n tasks"->"sythesize";
"productive\n tasks"->"write(2)";
"experiental\n tasks"->"apply";
"experiental\n tasks"->"experience";
"experiental\n tasks"->"explore";
"experiental\n tasks"->"investigate";
"experiental\n tasks"->"mimick";
"experiental\n tasks"->"perform\n task";
"experiental\n tasks"->"practice";

# -- -- -- tasks techniques

"task\n technique"->"answering";
"task\n technique"->"asking";
"task\n technique"->"brainstorming";
"task\n technique"->"buzz\n words";
"task\n technique"->"crosswords";
"task\n technique"->"debating";
"task\n technique"->"demonstrating";
"task\n technique"->"discussing";
"task\n technique"->"drill\n and practice";
"task\n technique"->"exercise";
"task\n technique"->"experimenting";
"task\n technique"->"fishbowl";
"task\n technique"->"game\n playing";
"task\n technique"->"ice\n breaker";
"task\n technique"->"investigating";
"task\n technique"->"journaling";
"task\n technique"->"pair\n dialogues";
"task\n technique"->"panel\n discussion";
"task\n technique"->"peer\n exchange";
"task\n technique"->"practising";
"task\n technique"->"presenting";
"task\n technique"->"puzzles";
"task\n technique"->"question/answer";
"task\n technique"->"reflecting";
"task\n technique"->"role\n play";
"task\n technique"->"rounds";
"task\n technique"->"scavenger\n hunt";
"task\n technique"->"snowball";
"task\n technique"->"snowballing";
"task\n technique"->"structured\n debate";
"task\n technique"->"studying";
"task\n technique"->"tutorial";
"task\n technique"->"voting";
"task\n technique"->"web\n search";

# -- -- -- (tasks) interaction
"interaction"->"1 to 1 student\n to\n student";
"interaction"->"1 to 1 student\n to\n tutor";
"interaction"->"1 to many";
"interaction"->"Class\n based";
"interaction"->"Group\n based";
"interaction"->"Individual";

# -- -- -- task assessment
"assessment"->"assessment\n type";
"assessment"->"assessment\n technique";
"assessment\n type"->"diagnostic";
"assessment\n type"->"formative";
"assessment\n type"->"summative";
"assessment\n type"->"not\n assessed";
"assessment\n technique"->"artifact";
"assessment\n technique"->"assignment";
"assessment\n technique"->"contribution\n to discussion";
"assessment\n technique"->"defence";
"assessment\n technique"->"dissertation/thesis";
"assessment\n technique"->"electronic";
"assessment\n technique"->"essay";
"assessment\n technique"->"exercise(2)";
"assessment\n technique"->"face\n to face";
"assessment\n technique"->"field\n work";
"assessment\n technique"->"game";
"assessment\n technique"->"lab\n work";
"assessment\n technique"->"MCQ";
"assessment\n technique"->"notes";
"assessment\n technique"->"objective\n structure\n clinical\n examination";
"assessment\n technique"->"off lab\n records";
"assessment\n technique"->"oral";
"assessment\n technique"->"peer\n assessment";
"assessment\n technique"->"performance";
"assessment\n technique"->"portfolio";
"assessment\n technique"->"practical";
"assessment\n technique"->"presentation";
"assessment\n technique"->"product";
"assessment\n technique"->"role\n play ass.";
"assessment\n technique"->"self\n assessment";
"assessment\n technique"->"short\n answer";
"assessment\n technique"->"simulation";
"assessment\n technique"->"small-scale\n research/enquiry";
"assessment\n technique"->"summary";
"assessment\n technique"->"test";
"assessment\n technique"->"viva";

# -- -- tools
node [fontcolor="green"];
"tools" [shape=ellipse,style=filled,color="green"];
"tools"->"bibliographic\n software";
"tools"->"blogs";
"tools"->"caa\n tools";
"tools"->"cd/dvd";
"tools"->"chat";
"tools"->"concordancer";
"tools"->"database";
"tools"->"digital\n audio";
"tools"->"digital\n video";
"tools"->"discussion\n board";
"tools"->"electronic\n library";
"tools"->"email";
"tools"->"graphic\n package";
"tools"->"instant\n messaging";
"tools"->"ipod/mp3\n player";
"tools"->"image\n software";
"tools"->"memory\n stick";
"tools"->"mind map";
"tools"->"modelling\n nvivo";
"tools"->"online\n assessment";
"tools"->"podcast";
"tools"->"project\n manager";
"tools"->"search\n engine";
"tools"->"simulation\n software";
"tools"->"spreadsheet";
"tools"->"statistical\n software";
"tools"->"text image\n audio or\n video viewer";
"tools"->"video\n conferencing";
"tools"->"vle/lms";
"tools"->"virtual worlds";
"tools"->"voice\n over IP";
"tools"->"Voting system";
"tools"->"wikis";
"tools"->"word processor";
# "tools"->"adaptive";
# "tools"->"communicative";
# "tools"->"productive";
# "tools"->"narrative";
# "tools"->"interactive";

}

8 Links and Bibliography

  • Conole, Gráinne and Karen Fill (2005). A learning design toolkit to create pedagogically effective learning activities. Journal of Interactive Media in Education (Advances in Learning Design. Special Issue, eds. Colin Tattersall, Rob Koper), 2005/08. ISSN:1365-893X Abstract (PDF/HTML open access)
  • Conole, G. & Fill, K. "Designing a Learning Activity Toolkit." Ed-Media 2004 Poster, Lugano, Switzerland PPT
  • Conole.G. (2010), State of the Art report on training teachers, blended learning and elearning (draft for discussion version), The Open University HTML, retrieved May 2010.