Usability and user experience surveys
- Page created by Daniel K. Schneider, 14 March 2011
- Contributors: Daniel K. Schneider x23, Vjollca Ahmeti x1
- Last modified by Vjollca Ahmeti, 17 June 2012
According to Perlman (2009), “Questionnaires have long been used to evaluate user interfaces (Root & Draper, 1983). Questionnaires have also long been used in electronic form (Perlman, 1985). For a handful of questionnaires specifically designed to assess aspects of usability, the validity and/or reliability have been established, including some in the [table below].” (retrieved 20:57, 14 March 2011 (CET))
See also: learning surveys
List of web usability questionnaires
We didn't find (yet) any specific web usability questionnaires, see below for generic usability survey instruments and that can be adapted to specific websites. Often, it is good enough to replace the word "system" by "web site", as an example, see the SUS that we present below.
List of usability and user experience questionnaires
User Interface Usability Evaluation with Web-Based Questionnaires
Author: Gary Perlman (2009)
Available through the User Interface Usability Evaluation with Web-Based Questionnaires page, either as online interface or as a a set of Perl scripts that you can install in your own server. (also from: online service at hcbib.org)
The script creates a customizable Web-based perl CGI script that allows to administer and to collect data according to a few "standard" user interface evaluation questionnaire forms. The questionnaires may be applied to web sites, but also to other software.
Online service: http://hcibib.org/perlman/question.cgi. It will send results by email.
Before you just click on the above link or the links below you should go to the original page at hcibib, scroll down and configure the questionnaire, i.e.:
- customize system name, administrator email, etc.
- customize rating scale such as number of points, labels, ...
- customize number of open-ended positive/negative comments requested
- Select the questionnaire
For your information, we below reproduce the table from the original keeping the original links....
|QUIS||Questionnaire for User Interface Satisfaction||Maryland|
|PUEU||Perceived Usefulness and Ease of Use||IBM|
|NAU||Nielsen's Attributes of Usability||Bellcore|
|NHE||Nielsen's Heuristic Evaluation||Bellcore|
|CSUQ||Computer System Usability Questionnaire||IBM|
|ASQ||After Scenario Questionnaire||IBM|
|PHUE||Practical Heuristics for Usability Evaluation||OSU|
|PUTQ||Purdue Usability Testing Questionnaire||Purdue|
This page seems to be the best starting point for exploring well known web-based usability evaluation questionnaires.
Purdue Usability Testing Questionnaire (PUTQ)
Author: Lin, Han X.; Choong, Yee-Yin and Salvendy, Gavriel (1997). A Proposed Index of Usability: A Method for Comparing the Relative Usability of Different Software Systems, Behaviour and Information Technology 16 n.4/5 p.267-278
The list is available through http://hcibib.org. Both the questionnaire and answer sheets are reproducible without permission provided that copyright is reproduced.
Measuring Usability with the USE Questionnaire
Author: Arnold M. Lund, Measuring Usability with the USE Questionnaire, STC Usability SIG Newsletter, orginally published in the October 2001 issue (Vol 8, No. 2)
The questionnaire was developed over time and it started out with a large pool of items. “The questionnaires were constructed as seven-point Likert rating scales. Users were asked to rate agreement with the statements, raging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. Various forms of the questionnaires were used to evaluate user attitudes towards a variety of consumer products. Factor analyses following each study suggested that users were evaluating the products primarily using three dimensions, Usefulness, Satisfaction, and Ease of Use.”
The questionnaires were constructed as seven-point Likert rating scales, e.g. from -3 (totally disagree) to +3 (totally agree)
- It helps me be more effective.
- It helps me be more productive.
- It is useful.
- It gives me more control over the activities in my life.
- It makes the things I want to accomplish easier to get done.
- It saves me time when I use it.
- It meets my needs.
- It does everything I would expect it to do.
- Ease of Use
- It is easy to use.
- It is simple to use.
- It is user friendly.
- It requires the fewest steps possible to accomplish what I want to do with it.
- It is flexible.
- Using it is effortless.
- I can use it without written instructions.
- I don't notice any inconsistencies as I use it.
- Both occasional and regular users would like it.
- I can recover from mistakes quickly and easily.
- I can use it successfully every time.
- Ease of Learning
- I learned to use it quickly.
- I easily remember how to use it.
- It is easy to learn to use it.
- I quickly became skillful with it.
- I am satisfied with it.
- I would recommend it to a friend.
- It is fun to use.
- It works the way I want it to work.
- It is wonderful.
- I feel I need to have it.
- It is pleasant to use.
System Usability Scale - SUS
One of the most popular questionnaires is the SUS which is short and does seem to yield reliable results across sample sizes (Tullis and Stetson, 2004).
The System Usability Scale (SUS) includes 10 items using a five-point response items (strongly disagree -- strongly agree):
- I think that I would like to use this system frequently
- I found the system unnecessarily complex
- I thought the system was easy to use
- I think that I would need the support of a technical person to be able to use this system
- I found the various functions in this system were well integrated
- I thought there was too much inconsistency in this system
- I would imagine that most people would learn to use this system very quickly
- I found the system very cumbersome to use
- I felt very confident using the system
- I needed to learn a lot of things before I could get going with this system
Adapted for websites this gives:
- I think that I would like to use this website frequently
- I found the website unnecessarily complex
- I thought the website was easy to use
- I think that I would need the support of a technical person to be able to use this website
- I found the various functions in this website were well integrated
- I thought there was too much inconsistency in this website
- I would imagine that most people would learn to use this website very quickly
- I found the website very cumbersome to use
- I felt very confident using the website
- I needed to learn a lot of things before I could get going with this website
TAM Satisfaction Questionnaire
The Technology Acceptance Model was created by Davis, 1989. The first six items measure perceived usefulness and the other six perceived ease of use. Both should explain use of a technology. There exist several small variants in terms of wording. The items below were taken from Davis (1989).
- Using [.....] in my job would enable me to accomplish tasks more quickly.
- Using [.....] would improve my job performance.
- Using [.....] would enhance my effectiveness on the job.
- Using [.....] would make it easier to do my job.
- I would find [.....] useful in my job.
- Learning to operate [.....] would be easy for me.
- I would find it easy to get [.....] to do what I want it to do.
- My interaction with [.....] would be clear and understandable.
- I would find [.....] to be flexible to interact with.
- It would be easy for me to become skillful at using [.....].
- I would find [.....] easy to use.
Response items use a 7-point likely - unlikely scale: extremely - quite - slightly - neither - slightly - quite - extremely
This questionnaire was used in Afke Donker, Human factors in educational software for young children, PhD thesis, Vrije Universiteit, Netherlands http://hdl.handle.net/1871/9782
- Do you work with the program without someone telling you to?
- Would you like to work with the program when other children can decide for themselves what to do?
- Do you think it is boring to work with the program?
- When you started working with the program, did you want to continue working with it?
- Do you think your friends would like the program?
- Do you think the program is childish?
- Is the program is too difficult to play with?
- When you have worked with the program once, does it remain fun?
- Do you enjoy yourself when you are working with the program?
- Does the program contain many surprises?
- Would you like to work with the program more often?
- Do you perform well on the exercises in the program?
- Would you like to have the program at home?
- Do you make many mistakes while you are working with the program?
Geneva Appraisal Questionnaire (GAQ)
The Geneva Appraisal Questionnaire (GAQ) has been developed by the members of the Geneva Emotion Research Group on the basis of Klaus R. Scherer's Component Process Model of Emotion (CPM). Its purpose is to assess, as much as is possible through recall and verbal report, the results of an individual's appraisal process in the case of a specific emotional episode.
- Download from Geneva Emotion Research Group.
- Questionnaires in Usability Engineering, A List of Frequently Asked Questions (3rd Ed.), Compiled by: Jurek Kirakowski, 2000.
- Surveys (Online). at Usability.gov
(not complete at all so far ...)
- F.D. Davis, Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology, MIS Quarterly 13 (1989) (3), pp. 319–340
- Root, Robert W. and Draper, Steve (1983). Questionnaires as a Software Evaluation Tool Interface Design 4 -- Analyses of User Inputs / Proceedings of ACM CHI'83 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 1983-12-12 p.83-87
- Perlman, Gary (1985). Electronic Surveys, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers v.17 n.2 p.203-205
- Tullis, Tom and Albert, Bill (2008). Measuring the User Experience : Collecting, Analyzing, and Presenting Usability Metrics p.317 Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. ISBN 0-12-373558-0