Socio-cultural approaches to learning and teaching suggest that learning must be understood as a process that is not solely in the mind of the learner. This stance is very close to situated learning theory.
“ Although most of the situated and socio-cultural approaches are grounded in the writings of Vygotsky, Leont'ev and Bakhtin (see Wertsch, 1991) the perspective is not a single view. The perspective includes the ideas of learning as a situated process, as a process of changing participation, as mediated by cultural tools and as the joint construction of knowledge.” (Van Boxtel, 2000:15)
A good example showing various influences of thought is the following definition from an article on theoretical perspectives of collective learning and that contrasts socio-constructivism with a socio-cultural approach:
- Cobb, P. (1994) Where is the mind? Constructivist and Sociocultural Perspectives on Mathematical Development, Educational Researcher, 23(7), pp 13-20
- de Laat, Maarten and Robert-Jan Simons, (2002). Collective learning: Theoretical perspectives and ways to suppport networked learning, Vocational Training, 27. PDF
- Van Boxtel, Carla. (2000). Collaborative Concept Learning: collaborative learning tasks, student interaction and the learning of physics concepts, Universiteit Utrecht, 2000. PDF
- Koschmann, T. Toward a dialogic theory of learning: Bakhtin's contribution to understanding learning in settings of collaboration. Paper presented at the CSCL'99, Palo Alto, 1999.
- Hewitt, J., & Scardamalia, M. Design principles for distributed knowledge building processes. Educational Psychology Review, 10(1), pp. 75-96, 1998.
- Lave, J., & Wenger, E. Situated Learning: legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
- Sfard, A. On two metaphors for learning and the dangers of choosing just one. Educational researcher, 27(2), pp. 4-13, 1998.
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1934/1962). Thought and Language. Cambridge, MIT Press.
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.