Knirk and Gustafson design model
The Knirk and Gustafons design method and model is prescriptive stage model for instructional designers.
2 The Model
Knirk and Gustafson (1986) designed three stage process which includes problem determination, design and development.
- The problem determination stage includes identification of the problem, definition of the pedagogical goals and identification of what the learners can do (knowledge, skills, learning styles, affect, etc.)
- The design stage includes developing objectives and specifying strategies.
- The development stage includes development of materials, testing and revision.