E-moderation five-stage model
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- Gilly Salmon's 5-stage model of e-moderating describes to design an course that strongly uses computer-mediated communication, in particular forums
- A description of a five-stage model of teaching and learning online (Gilly, 2002:X).
The five stages - Overview
- Access & Motivation. Exploring the technology and motivation building are key issues. The e-moderator helps meeting people and learn the environment.
- Socialisation. Building on the first stage, this stage focuses on social processes and 'community building'. Moderator does bridge building.
- Information Exchange. Information is exchanged and co-operative tasks can be achieved. Interaction happens with contents, other participants and the e-moderator that assists exploration activities.
- Knowledge Construction. Knowledge development and discussion activities become important. Participants start recognizing the value of text-based asynchronous interaction and take control of knowledge construction.
- Development. Participants become responsible for their own learning and that of their group. Ideas are applied to individual contexts. This stage is characterised by reflection and assessment.
The 5-stage model is also at the core of Salmon's e-tivity frameworks for enhancing active and participative online learning by individuals and groups.
Salmon's books are easy reading and are suitable for beginners:
- She provides a lot of examples.
- She works with simple technology (e.g. forums and email).
- There are practical "how-to" sections (recipees).
Globally speaking, her own books do a very good job for her stages 1-3. They also are a must read for practitionners of content-oriented e-learning. I don't think that her approach goes far enough to support deeper project-oriented teaching. What I miss most are scenarios to build tangible knowledge or projects that are reified on-line .. a price to pay for using only simple communication tools (no Wikis, no C3MS, etc.)
11:03, 11 April 2006 (MEST)--DSchneider
- Salmon, Gilly (2003) E-moderating: The Key to Teaching and Learning Online (2nd edition), London: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0415335442.
- See also the review at elearning-reviews.org.