3 An information processing view of learning
According to Wilhelmsen et al. (1998):
Cognitivism and some variants of constructivism adopt a rationalist stance, i.e. the idea that learning processes can be at least somewhat described in terms of general information processing principles.
4 Mental models
Typical educational research that grew out of this is for example:
- intelligent tutoring systems
- Research on the effects of multimedia presentation and multimedia animation
5 Cognitivism and instructional design
“Underlying the information-processing approach is the assumption that the senses and the brain follow complex but very systematic laws and that we can facilitate learning to the extent we can determine those laws” (Alessi and Trollop, 2001:19).
Many cognitivists are also objectivists, i.e. view meaning as existing externally, that is, independent of the individual learner.
See also: Cognitive constructivism.
- Alessi, Stephen. M. & Trollop, Stanley. R., (2001) Multimedia for Learning (3rd Edition), Pearson Allyn & Bacon, ISBN 0-205-27691-1.
- Sonja Wilhelmsen, Stein Inge Åsmul & Øyvind Meistad (1998), Cognitivism, webpage CSCL - a brief overview & interesting links for further study)