Knirk and Gustafson design model
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The Knirk and Gustafons design method and model is prescriptive stage model for instructional designers.
Knirk and Gustafson (1986) designed three stage process which includes problem determination, design and development.
- The problem determination stage includes identification of the problem, definition of the pedagogical goals and identification of what the learners can do (knowledge, skills, learning styles, affect, etc.)
- The design stage includes developing objectives and specifying strategies.
- The development stage includes development of materials, testing and revision.