The HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a simple markup language used to createhypertext documents that are portable from one platform to another. It is the publishing language of the World Wide Web (WWW). HTML documents are SGML documents with generic semantics that are appropriate for representing information from a wide range of applications. XHTML documents are XML documents and you should start coding in XHTML (this page needs some tutorials on XHTML, but since there are so many indexes, you'll have to wait maybe forever).
This is a simple links page. There are related subjects in this wiki:
- HTML for a short overview of (X)HTML formats.
- XHTML for a short introduction to XHTML
- HTML5 for an overview of HTML5
- HTML and XHTML elements and attributes
- CSS for styling
- URL for a short introduction to URLs (web links), and the more general URN and URIs.
- Web design links for more conceptual issues.
Manuals & Short References
- HTML 4x
- HTML reference at sitepoint.com. This website is also interfaced with the Codeburner for Firefox extension.
- HTML Tags (at HTML Dog, includes a list of legal child elements for each tag.)
- Bare Bones Guides to HTML (HTML 4)
- HTML Documentation by Ian Graham (U of Toronto). GOOD HTML Manual
- HTML Quick List (at codetutorial.com)
- HTML 4.01 Quick List (at W3cSchools, very short list)
- XHTML 1x
- Index DOT HTML (Last Update: Oct. 1 2003, but still useful)
- XHTML 1.0 The Extensible HyperText Markup Language (Second Edition)
- XHTML Basic for mobile devices. (There is also an older XHTML mobile profile defined by OMA or even older WAP/WML)
Interactive XHTML Tutorials
- htmlPlayground. You try, modify code and lookup explanation for each element and attribute.
Interactive HTML Tutorials
HTML 4x Tutorials
- HTML Code Tutorial
- Dave Ragett's Introduction to HTML
- SELFHTML (German Site in German)
- Conception, suivi et animation d'un site web associatif Guide complet pour le dévelopement d'un site (sur le plan conceptuel!)
- A guide to HTML (Oxford)
Introductions and Tutorials on specialized topics
Style sheets and fonts
- See CSS
- Graphics page at webreference (maps, color, animation, ...)
See also in this wiki
Characters & Entities
See: Character encoding
Note: instead of using old-style entities you should define a character set, a much more simple strategy.
- URL Encoding (or what are those "%20" codes in URLs?') by Brian Wilson
- Webreference Colorizer, good on-line tool !
- Color at webreference
- The Browser Safe Palette Webgraphics for computers that use only 256 colors (see the interactive Color Palette Map for Netscape). Usually, todays computers handle more colors.
- There exist browser extensions you can use instead.
(don't use frames, because it destroys the idea of the URL, something you can link to)
- HTTP Made Really Easy A Practical Guide to Writing Clients and Servers, good tutorial by James Marshall (1997)
- HTTP header revealed
- Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning, a few extensions to HTTP that might become the standard for uploading files (4/2000)
See also RDF
- Meta Builder and META Tags from vancouver Web Pages
- Why Internet Content Rating and Selection does not work
See DHTML (a short tutorial in this wiki)
- An Overview of Mobile Versions of XHTML, short useful articel for those who wonder about XHTML Basic, XHTML Mobile Profile, and WML2....
Tools / Software
(only some, some maybe outdated)
Validation and Syntax correction
- W3C Markup Validation Service (online service)
- Alternatively, you can download and install HTMLTidy that will both validate and repair your broken HTMLs
- Weblint code verification
- Check out also various browser extensions, e.g. for Firefox
- Word to HTML. "Save as HTML" in Word leads to "difficult" HTML and it may be useful to get some filter software. However, this section needs updating ....
Various articles of interest
- Media Lullabies: The Reinvention of the World Wide Web article by Bill Hilf
Websites and resource pages
- W3C - the World Wide Web consortium. Publishes most web standards.
- Webstandards.org. Nice organization that watches out for standards.
- Web Master sites (various)
.... there exist many more
- Webreference.com. Good site for more advanced tutorials for various web-related technologies.
- HTMLSource. Several HTML/XHTML Tutorials
- htmlhelp.com and [http://blog.htmlhelp.com/ The HTML Help and Web Design Blog (Web Design Group). This used to be very good, but seems to be asleep since 2008.
- The WWW Help Page. (last updated, 2003) used to index some of the best "how-to" sites and tutorials.
- HTML Center
- Kira's Web Toolbox
- W3 Schools has many good tutorials. If you don't like the ads, there exist Greasemonkey scripts ;)
- Technology sites (that include HTML-related stuff)
- The Computer Technology Documentation Project
- ThinkQuest includes interesting Student projects (you need to search)
- General technology news
.... there exist many more
- Online Mags