Computer-based manipulative

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A computer-based manipulative is a kind of pedagogical microworld that includes modeling and simulation. The term was probably invented by Paul Horwitz (or some other person) working on the same projects.

See: microworlds, expressive digital medium and hypermodel.




(to demonstrate the use of the term)

  • Abramovich, S. & Pieper, A. (1996). Fostering Recursive Thinking in Combinatorics through the Use of Manipulatives and Computing Technology. Mathematics Educator. 7(1), 4-12.
  • Michael L. Connell (still in press ?) , Actions on Objects: A metaphor for technology enhanced mathematics instruction. In D. Tooke (Ed.). Computers in the Schools - Mathematics. Charlottesville, VA:Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. HTML