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A computer-based manipulative is a kind of pedagogical microworld that includes modeling and simulation. The term was probably invented by Paul Horwitz (or some other person) working on the same projects.
See: microworlds, expressive digital medium and hypermodel.
- Computer-based Manipulatives, Freeware, shareware, demos and Web sites by Tom O'Haver, January 1, 2001
(to demonstrate the use of the term)
- Abramovich, S. & Pieper, A. (1996). Fostering Recursive Thinking in Combinatorics through the Use of Manipulatives and Computing Technology. Mathematics Educator. 7(1), 4-12.
- Michael L. Connell (still in press ?) , Actions on Objects: A metaphor for technology enhanced mathematics instruction. In D. Tooke (Ed.). Computers in the Schools - Mathematics. Charlottesville, VA:Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. HTML