Mintzberg taxonomy of organizational forms
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- This model is useful to identify types of organizations and to
The organizational forms
Complexity simple complex --------------------------------------- | stable | Machine Professional | bureaucracy organization Pace | of | change | | dynamic | Entrepreneurial Adhocracy | startup
The subunits model
Mintzberg defines five basic organizational subunits:
- Strategic Apex, e.g. Board of Directors, CEO, president, rector
- Technostructure, e.g. Strategic Planning, Training,
- Support Staff, e.g. Legal Counsel, Public Relations, Payroll, Mailroom Clerks, Cafeteria Workers
- Middle Line, e.g. VP Operations, VP Marketing, Plant Managers Sales Managers
- Operating Core, e.g. Purchasing Agents, Machine Operators, Assemblers, Sales Persons, Shippers
Mintzberg then claims that each of the four organizational forms uses fundamentally different coordination mechanisms.
- Organizations do four things: They find, they keep, they transform and they distribute.
- They deal with materials, with products, with people and with information.
- Beshears, Fred (2000). Mintzberg's Taxonomy of Organizational Forms, online paper, Berkely. Retrieved 13:19, 3 June 2006 (MEST). This web page provides a very useful overview.
- Henry Mintzberg's homepage, includes links, including some articles for download.
- Mintzberg, H. 1979. The Structuring of Organizations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
- Mintzberg, H. (1983) Structure in Fives: Designing Effective, Organizations", Prentice Hall.
- Mintzberg, H., J. Lampel, S. Ghoshal, J.B. Quinn; (1991). The Strategy Process: Concepts, Contexts, Cases. Prentice Hall.
- Mintzberg, H and L Van Der Heyden (2002). Taking A Closer Look: Reviewing The Organization, Ivey Business Journal, september/october.