DSchneider is not exactly sure wether Instructional Technology is a different field than educational technology. Our feeling is that Instructional Technology could be defined as a subset of educational technology that adopts a somewhat behaviorist/cognitivist instructional design perspective on learning and teaching and as colloray a a rather classic top-down design methodology.
- Sara McNeil defines the Instructional technology like this:
- Instructional technology is the systemic and systematic application of strategies and techniques derived from behavioral, cognitive, and constructivist theories to the solution of instructional problems.
- Instructional Technology = Instructional Design + Instructional Development
- Instructional technology is the systematic application of theory and other organized knowledge to the task of instructional design and development.
This definition puts more emphasis on pedagogical engineering, the art of implementing a design rule.
- One of the definitions ties Instructional Technology to needs for industrial and military training. E.g. the Wikipedia entry states: “While Instructional Technology can apply to the military and corporate settings, Educational technology is instructional technology applied to a school setting (including charter schools, public schools, online and home schooling environments).”
- For the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (ACET 2004:16 ) Instructional Technology is defined as a subset of educational technology:
- The same organization's "Standards for the accreditation of programs in educational communications and instructional technology (ECIT)" committee also puts forward the following definition on one of its [web pages]:
- AECT (1977). The definition of educational technology. Washington DC: AECT.
- AECT (2004) The Meanings of Educational Technology, Washington DC: AECT, Definition and Terminology Committee document, June 1, 2004 #MN4.0 []
- Seels, B., & Richey, R. (1994). Instructional technology: The definition and domains of the field. Washington, DC: Association for Educational Communications and Technology.