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Tools / Software
On-line validation tools
- W3C validator (W3C) download and on-line). This only works with W3C vocabularies, e.g. not with your own XML.
- WDG CSSCheck
- Any text editor can do, some have CSS modes that you may have to install.
- TopStyle Lite, $80 payware. (direct link).
Browser plugins and Bookmarklets
- CSS validator Michel Langley's Firefox add-on (sends the page to the W3C validator).
- XRAY is a bookmarklet for IE, Mozilla/Firefox and Safari. Use it to see the box model for any element on any Web page.
- Tools that add browser-specific code to not yet standardized CSS (i.e. all the fancy CSS3 you would use for HTML5)
- Cascading Style Sheets, level 1 (W3C Recommendation 17 Dec 1996, works in all browsers in principle)
- Cascading Style Sheets, level 2 (W3C Recommendation 12-May-1998, revised 11 April 2008 as CSS 2.1)
- Overview of current work. So-called CSS 3 is in fact a long series of modular specifications. Some of these are almost finalised, and some features are already implemented in modern browsers like FF 3.5, Opera, etc. (09:30, 10 September 2009 (UTC)).
Manuals, short references and implementation charts
- SitePoint CSS reference
- CSS Properties Good summaries from the Web Design Group
- Mozilla/Opera sidebars from Zvon (work sort of with firefox )
- Index DOT Css (ok, but outdated)
- CSS Cheat Sheet by Dave Child (very good)
- CSS cheat sheet also good, but simpler (Sizefactory)
- CSS Cheat Sheet (Leslie Franke).
Overviews and cheat sheets
- Refcards (several)
- CSS contents and browser compatibility at quirksmode.org. Good. Also has stuff on DOM compatibility
- Web Devout, good Web Browser CSS support. Good !
(see also the Links section, maybe looking at examples will get you there faster !)
- Adding a touch of style by David Raggett, nice tutorial for the masses
- Fixing your site with the right DocType. "List a Part" article for a related, but important subject !
- Chapter 20: CSS chapter 20 of the book Cascading Style Sheets, designing for the Web, by Hï¿½kon Wium Lie and Bert Bos.
- Introduction to CSS (includes an XML CSS short tutorial).
- CSS FLoats Part I (should work with Mozilla, for others see part 2 (from Webreference's HTML with style tutorials section)
- A List Apart CSS hacks (since issue 100 this famous on-line mag uses strict W3C complicant code ... and they still let you see style-less contents with old browsers).
- Flexible Layouts, good A List Apart story (nov 2002)
- Evolution of a Home webreference article showing how they could rebuild their home page without tables for all 5 browsers.
- Advanced CSS Layouts, WebReference.com tutorial by R.V Lizaola & A.King
- CSS in the Real World. Lecture notes from Zeldmann
- Writing Lean CSS at OrderedList (9/2004). Use cascades and regroup selectors, etc.
- Cascading Style Sheets (en français)
Page Layout tutorials
Design without tables, CSS Positioning, etc.
- Responsive Web Design By Ethan Marcotte, User Interface Engineering. Originally published: Jan 11, 2011
- HTML Utopia: Chapter 5: Building the Skeleton by Dan Shafer (extract of chap 5 of the "Designing Without Tables" book)
- CSS Positioning Good and clean CSS tutorial (look at the source of the pages !)
- Tutorial 19: CSS Positioning, Part II webreference article
- The Layout Reservoir Good 2 and 3 colum designs !
- CSS Layout Techniques: for Fun and Profit
- Boxes from thenoodleincident.com. Nice examples !
- Learn CSS Layout. CSS layout bases in several languages
Compatibility issues and Quirks modes
- About quirks modes
- Quirks mode and strict mode
- What happens in Quirks Mode?, (modified 9/2009), by Jukka Korpela.
- Activating Browser Modes with Doctype
- Henri Sivonen provides a detailed explanation. (updated 5/2009).
- About IE bug-related hacks
CSS with XML
- On Display: XML Web Pages with Mozilla by Simon St.Laurent
- Why Windows Web Pages Have Tiny Text
- Beyond the FONT tag: Practical HTML text styling by Todd Fahrner
(Code you can copy)
- Zen Garden, The Beauty of CSS Design. This allows you to load various great CSS designs of into the page (which then radically changes its appearence (recommended, over 400 designs !).
- CSS-Anwendungsbeispiele (in German, with code)
- TECFA Example directory (only small stuff)
- CSS Page at W3C, see also
- CCVault This site has a nice gallery and various good links to other resources (tutorials and examples that are worth a visit).
- css/Edge. This is another good site for advanced CSS: "The goal here is to find ways to make CSS live up to its fullest potential, with only minimal regard to browser limitations" (own examples good pointers)
- Position is Everything Quote: "we're Big John and Holly Bergevin, and together we built this site to explain some obtuse CSS bugs in modern browsers, provide demo examples of interesting CSS behaviors, and show how to 'make it work' without using tables for layout purposes."
- CSS Layout Techniques: for Fun and Profit, CSS notes for the Eric Costello's Glish.com
- House of Style Tutorials and Guides (also sell the Style Master software)
- DHTML Links (good CSS pointers)
- Cascading Style Sheets (good list of links at WebReference.com)
- Web Content Articles at Apple's Developper connection has some CSS articles and Safari information