Adaptive hypertext

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  • Adaptive Hypertexts adapt to the user's behavior and/or preferences.
  • "By adaptive hypermedia systems we mean all hypertext and hypermedia systems which reflect some features of the user in the user model and apply this model to adapt various visible and functional aspects of the system to the user." Adaptive Hypertext & Hypermedia

“A contribution to adaptive hypermedia systems are adaptive hyperbooks (Henze, 2000) which personalize the access to information to the particular needs of users. They give users the ability to define their own learning goals, propose next reasonable learning steps to take, support project-based learning, give alternative views, and they can be extended by documents written by the learners.” (Henze, 2001).

See also hypertext, learning style, intelligent tutoring system.



  • Interbook (includes papers + free system download for MacOS)

Document and link repositories


  • Brusilovsky, P. (1996): Methods and techniques of adaptive hypermedia. User Modeling and User Adapted Interaction 6, 2-3 (1996), 87-129.
  • Brusilovsky, P. & and Eklund, J. (1998) A Study of User Model Based Link Annotation in Educational Hypermedia. Journal of Universal Computer Science. 4 (4) p. 429-448. Springer Science Online. HTML
  • Henze, N. (2000) Adaptive Hyperbooks: Adaptation for Project-Based Learning Resources. PhD thesis, University of Hannover, Germany, 2000 . PDF
  • N. Henze and W. Nejdl "Extendible Adaptive Hypermedia Courseware: Integrating Different Courses and Web Material"(15Mb).International Conference on Adaptive Hypermedia and Adaptive Web-Based Systems (AH 2000), 28-31 August 2000, Trient, Italy. PS
  • N. Henze (2001). Open Adaptive Hypermedia: An approach to adaptive information presentation on the Web. First International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction (UAHCI 2001), held jointly with HCI International 2001, 5-10 August 2001, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. HTML