Talk:LAMS installation and configuration

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No discussion so far :)

'Legacy stuff is below. this is only of interest to LAMS historians ....'

1 LAMS 2.1x on On Solaris 10

Lams 2.0 was released on December 6 2006. Since then, there were very several minor upgrades. On March 2008, the current releases are 2.0.4 (stable) and 2.1 (RC1). These installation notes refers mostly to the 2.1RC1 install, but it should help with 2.0.4 too. Official LAMS instructions are a bit Linux centric and this is main reason why you might have a look at this. My notes also should work with older Solaris versions (just make sure to upgrade Java if needed and in this case to set the Java path).

First, read the instructions in:

Disclaimer: I am not a good sysadmin nor is it my idea of fun. This is not a manual, but just my private installation notes I am willing to share. - Daniel K. Schneider 18:30, 20 March 2008 (MET)

So, open a terminal under root ....

1.1 Prerequisite 0: Infrastructure

  • Make sure your organization doesn't stiffle your creativity with Firewalls. If they do, expect a lot of extrawork.
  • Also the 8080 port should be free. Some software like Skype just randomly take up ports. If you run an other server, read Changing Server Ports for LAMS
  • Hardware and OS: Any Windows, Linux, MacOS X, Solaris etc. machine will do since LAMS is programmed in JAVA. You just need some diskspace, substantial memory and a not too old JAVA. Also, you may have to adapt some scripts to your special unix brand.

1.2 Prerequisite 1: Java software

Java + ant

Solaris 10 ought to have the right Java + Ant installed. Ant is an installation program like make. Note: You need the JDK/JSE or whater Sun decided to rename it (i.e. the compiler, not just the runtime)

Check if Java can be found, i.e. type:

java -version

... you should have java 1.5.x or better. If you don't, check the system for another java or install a new one. If you do so, make sure to specify the right path according to instructions from the LAMS install page.

1.3 Prerequisite 2: Wildfire

This is a XMPP (Jabber) chat server, that actually is called Openfire now. See:

You don't really need open/wildfire (but then either your students can't chat). You also may try to use an existing server that works with LAMS. I guess that there ought to be free servers you can use.

  • LAMS folks say to install an old 2.6.2. version. Links are available from the LAMS page, you won't find it at Ignite realtime. Note: I have to see whether this is still true, but for the moment I just complied.
  • Since this server is written in Java you can take the Mac OSX and others version (i.e. a tar ball).

Installation steps:

1) Uncompress in /usr/local/wildfire or some other place

2) Start the server with ./bin/wildfire start

  • This is a typical startup script. You later can copy this script to /etc/init.d/ etc.

3) Configure this server through the web interface. If you are lucky you will have a web browser on your server and an X11 connection.


Else use an URL like: ... it should work I think. But do it as fast as possible since you have to set passwords and stuff.

  • Use "embedded database" if you want to make the install shorter, else you can set it up with mysql

The configuration process will ask you to fill in a few forms. Just make sure that you use the right server names. You then can log as administrator and you will have access to an administration console.

  • Tick "Don't Show History" (Group Chat -> History Settings), but you can do this later

4) Test it. You may want to install a jabber client, e.g. gajim (Ubuntu users can read an article on Jabber

5) Security: You may restrict login to given set of IP addresses or even disable account creation. Chat servers may be taken over by not so friendly people.

  • Edit Server Settings->Registration and Login

Installing wildfire should be easy, it was for me. It's a fairly popular product...

1.4 Prerequisite 3: Configure MySQL for LAMS

Here are the steps:

1) Make sure to have a MySQL 5.x server. Else install it (and come back)

2) Configure it according to the LAMS instructions, i.e. make changes to file my.cnf:

  • This cnf file may not exist (it wasn't in our binary distribution). Also, it can be in different locations
  • Type mysql --help to get a list of the places the MySQL server will look for this config file
  • So, create my.cnf if you don't have one. Start by copying a *.cfn model from /usr/local/mysql/share/mysql or some other place. I took my-medium.cnf.

Changes to make: file my.cnf should include these lines (no idea what it means and why):


Then restart mysql !

3) Create a LAMS database.

If you upgrade, you may want to make a dump for safeguarding or alternatively kill all tables if you want a fresh start. I personally enjoy destroying whole databases.

Then create:

  • a database named "lams"
  • a user "lams"
  • Make to sure to have it run in UTF-8 mode !

Best way to do this is to use a terminal client and type something this:

mysql -u root -p

Then enter the following lines (alternatively read them from a file like this: mysql -u root -p < input.sql or paste them into a tool like phpmyadmin.

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON lams.* TO lams@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'your_secret_passwd'; 
REVOKE PROCESS,SUPER ON *.* from lams@localhost;

In case you use the command line tool, continue with quit


Make sure to reload, e.g. on the command line, type:

mysqladmin -p reload

Now your database should be ready for LAMS.

1.5 Prerequisite 4: JBOSS

JBOSS is a Java application server. LAMS is programmed with this application framework.

  • Unpack into /usr/local (or wherever else you like it)
gtar xzf jboss-4.0.2.tar.gz -C /usr/local 
  • Copy some jar files
cp /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/server/all/lib/jboss-cache.jar /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/server/default/lib/
cp /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/server/all/lib/jgroups.jar /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/server/default/lib/

1.6 LAMS source file download

Get the archive from the downloads page.

Direct links: this may change !

Note: If you want to play with a release candidate, it's an option to get a more recent version from the CVS software archive. Some bug already may have been fixed. On the other hand, you may encounter a new one. You can browse the lams cvs repository. To get the code from CVS, consult building lams) and then build from source.

1.7 Pre-install configuration

(tested with LAMS 2.1 RC1)

0) Read the "readme" file you will find and/or again Unix Installation and Updating Help. It's authorized gospel, this wiki article is not...

1) Decide where the files should go. Either use a typical unix installation with files all over the place or put all LAMS related stuff in some directory, e.g. /usr/local/lams. I prefer the second solution, since this way I can get rid of unwanted software easily...

2) Dezip the installer in some place, e.g. /src/lams

gtar -xvf lams-unix-installer-2.1-RC1.tar.gz

3) Then edit the file according to unix installer help. This file sits in the install directory.

Make a backup first


Then I did this (as I said I prefer all files in one place for experimental systems). Make sure that you correctly enter db and user names, locations and so forth ! Basically there are three sections:

1) Related to installation


2) If you have the Open/wildfire chat server installed, make sure to specify the name of host machine, etc.

3) Installation settings again, I had to change nearly each line ! Make sure to have each line right.

Port number. If you change this, you also have to reconfigure JBOSS (I don't know where but it shouldn't be hard ...)


Server URL (certainly not localhost). E.g. you want something like:


1.8 Using the installer

(tested with LAMS 2.1 RC1)

If you did the above (editing alright, then make sure again that Java can be found. In principle, on Solaris systems this is the case and you can ignore instructions about setting the JAVA_HOME. To check, just type:


In a csh shell you may fix the path like this (if needed):

setenv PATH /usr/java/bin/:$PATH

In a Bash shell:

export PATH=/usr/java/bin/:$PATH

Then install, i.e. type:


... most likely it won't work, read on.

RC2 install script does not work on Solaris

If it fails (with the one script I got it did), use debugging modes first, e.g.:

sh -x ./
sh -v ./
sh -vx ./

Now to fix the RC1 problems:

1) First repair a bourne shell error, i.e. you either have to make the script a bash shell (best choice):


or alternatively make the following change (next best):

must become
export JAVA_HOME

or just comment out the following lines (On Solaris 10 Java will be found):

# checkJava

2) Then there was Linux specific line to be fixed:

# cp -rv assembly/lams.ear ${DEFAULT_DIR}/deploy

cp -r assembly/lams.ear ${DEFAULT_DIR}/deploy


You are successful when you see this:

LAMS 2.1-RC1 Configuration completed!
Please view the README for instructions on how to run LAMS.

1.9 Deploying and running LAMS

First time you will start up JBOSS it will take some time deploying LAMS as a web application.

There is a startup script you will find in the JBOSS/bin directory. It just configures JAVA for more memory and then launches the original script from JBOSS.


This also will fail with RC1. Read on ...

1.9.1 Fixing the script

In 2.1RC2 I had to fix the script, or actually just use something different.

1) Missing shell identification. Add the following as first line:


Note: You have to use Bash not sh (/usr/bin/sh), since the LAMS folks use bash syntax. This line:

export JAVA_HOME="/usr/java"

is wrong in traditional Bourne shell. Should read:

export JAVA_HOME

2) There wasn't enough heap space E.g. from the log file (/usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/server/default/log/)

2008-03-20 11:26:15,574 ERROR [org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader] Context initialization failed
org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with
name 'coreSessionFactory' defined in class path resource
[org/lamsfoundation/lams/commonContext.xml]: Initialization of bean failed; nested
exception is java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space
java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space

I first doubled initial and max heap with no effect, something does not pass from this script to the next one.

# export JAVA_OPTS="-server -Xms256m -Xmx512m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m"
export JAVA_OPTS="-server -Xms512m -Xmx1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m"

Or maybe JAVA_OPTS will have contradictory info like (a good sysadmin would try to dig and understand ...)

-server -Xms128m -Xms512m ...

Anyhow, I then just decided to modify the JBOSS start-up script and use it directly. Around line 141 of file I inserted more initial and max heap and I also took $JAVA_OPTS out since for some strange reason it already was set with unwanted -XMs .Xmx.

JAVA_OPTS="-Xms512m -Xmx768m$PROGNAME"

Notice about Memory: I found that with Moodle integration and about 10 simultaneous users, you need more that 1/2 Giga of memory. This what I had to configure to support a small classroom activity (about 12 students):

JAVA_OPTS="-server -Xms512m -Xmx1280m$PROGNAME"

1.9.2 Start and stop LAMS

To start LAMS, go to the JBOSS bin directory:

cd /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/bin/

Try first:


If it doesn't work, fix heap space in the file directly (as explained above) and run it:

./ &

To avoid getting all the traces in the terminal

./ > /dev/null &

Then you should get this (e.g. last line in the log file). If not, search for errors.

2008-03-20 12:03:21,967 INFO  [org.jboss.system.server.Server] JBOSS (MX MicroKernel)
[4.0.2 (build: CVSTag=JBoss_4_0_2 date=200505022023)] Started in 1m:52s:938ms

To stop LAMS, just stop the JBOSS server. If it won't work, just kill the big hanging Java process.

./ -S

Always consult the log file when in doubt (the first time you start JBOSS it will take some time to install LAMS).

tail ../server/default/log/server.log

1.9.3 LAMS first test

If you you are here, then LAMS ought to run, e.g. try a URL like:

If you forgot the login name and password, you can retrieve it from


1.10 Configuration

To be continued. Basically, I managed to get the MOODLE interface working (see below).

1.11 Discussion / Problems

  • I didn't use it in production so far. As next step I'll have my students create sequences. - Daniel K. Schneider 12:36, 25 March 2008 (MET)
  • Other people from TECFA played with it and it's still running after a few days.
  • JBOSS/LAMS requires quite a lot of memory (over 500MB residual memory and 800MB total size). This no problem on a big new server, but can be on an older server.

2 Legacy notes for a lams 2.0 Solaris install

When I installed LAMS for the first time, the install had to be done manually. At some point I'll try again a manual install. For now, understand please that some things may have changed.

2.1 LAMS pre-build configuration

I configured the following entries in the following files. Most entries are related to file paths.

In lams_build directory:

File: lams/lams_build/
  (nothing to change)
File: lams/lams_build/
File: lams/lams_build/

Change this in three locations !!

File: lams_build/conf/unix/jboss/service/mysql-ds.xml

In lams_common directory:

File: lams/lams_common/db/sql/insert_unix_config_data.sql

... Don't miss the port number for the server URL (e.g. 8080) !

In the same directory you may change the admin login and password (not tested !)

File: lams/lams_common/db/sql/insert_users.sql  

Note: I did not find an LamsHome property in any file (this conflicts with the installation instructions).

2.2 What if you have another server running on port 8080 ?

You can run JBOSS on a different port, but need to edit a few files. Read this:

2.3 Make directories for lams

They must match the above of course

mkdir /usr/local/lams
mkdir /usr/local/lams/temp
mkdir /usr/local/lams/dump
mkdir /usr/local/lams/repository

I don't know who runs JBoss, so I just deprotected for some quick playing ...

chmod -R 777 /usr/local/lams

2.4 Build

Type the following commands in this order. (You don't need Ecplise to build LAMS). But stop the JBOSS server when you do this.

cd /src/lams/lams_build
ant rebuild-db
ant assemble-ear
ant deploy-ear
ant deploy-tools
ant copyfiles

2.5 Run it

cd /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/bin/
./ &

The adminstrator login is sysadmin (don't forget this)

The sysadmin login password is in the SQL file below. You may change it before you build, I was quite frustrated not to able to log in ;)


2.6 Server configuration

See Configuring your LAMS Server.

  • Java may not have enough heap space (it runs out of memory). Replace the 256 with something bigger. I think that the has to be fixed. Otherwise it may be the Tomcat config somewhere.
File: /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/bin/

Around line 150 insert:

# Display our environment

2.7 Things I did wrong

Now for some human touch ....

  • Forget to specify the OS
  • Forgot to add the port number of the server URL
  • Forgot to create the lams directory
  • Only changed password in one location in lams_build/conf/unix/jboss/service/mysql-ds.xml

2.8 Debuging

Look at files in:


Then stop JBoss,

cd /usr/local/jboss-4.0.2/bin/shutdown -S &

Repair misconfigurations above, rebuild with ant and run it again :) I don't know if global cleaning up is an efficient idea, but I do it anyhow as a last resort when I get stuck, e.g.:

  1. Execute ant clean
  2. Drop the lams database (and don't forget to create it again)
  3. Empty the JBoss server/default/deploy/lams.ear/ directory ?

3 Moodle - LAMS integration

The LAMS v2.0 Integration Setup Step-by-Step Guide is fairly well done :)

3.1 Short installation summary (see the above guide)

I managed this to work with LAMS 2.1RC1. I did fail with an early LAMS 2.0 version - Daniel K. Schneider 18:30, 20 March 2008 (MET). The current setup is:

  • Moodle runs on one machine (
  • LAMS runs on a different machine

I did not yet use LAMS in production so far. But I inserted the Beyond the VLE module through Moodle. I was able to:

  • Use with Moodle student ID's (test and test2)
    • not use with Moodle student ID's as monitor (that's correct)
  • Use it with Moodle admin ID as student and monitor
  • Chat did work.
On the Moodle side

First of all make sure that you do no skip step 4 below (you need the LAMS v2 module and not LAMS !)

  1. Get a new file (it seems that fixes are made sometimes)
  2. Unzip the file
  3. Move the lamstwo directory to moodle/mod/
  4. Move the lamstwo.php file to moodle/lang/en_utf8/
  5. Login as admin and go to http://yourmoodle/admin, LAMS tables will be created automatically.
  6. Go to modules and click settings for LAMS2 module and put the proper values in, I used:
server_id:      moodle
server_key:     somethingsecret
request_source: moodle
On the LAMS side
  • The integrated server setu is:
Id:           moodle
Key:          somethingsecret
Description:  TECFA Moodle
Prefix:       mdl
Organisation: moodle
User Information: URL:
Timeout URL:

Make sure that you do not mix up case: E.g. if your group is called "moodle" in LAMS use "moodle" and not "Moodle" (I got stuck with this)

Your JBOSS server may need yet more memory space allocated (see above)

Be careful about using several browser windows and tabs. The "system Administration" page will use an already openend window/tab. So if the "Sys Admin" link doesn't bring up the tool, look for it...

If you tried a Moodle LAMS integration in the past with an older LAMS server, your MOODLE may have junk left inside. Get rid of it (see next item).


An error (for 2.1RC1) I was getting was:

 Could not add a new instance of lamstwo

This happened after validating a LAMS activity in Moodle. In older version of the LAMS/Moodle mod something was wrong, I believe a missing table.

To fix this

  • Delete the LAMS2 module in MOODLE.
  • Remove the files in the mod directory
  • Reinstall a new version (downloaded fresh).

4 LAMS 2.0 RC2 Windows XP PC

Note: This chapter is outdated (written in Dec 2006). I don't see really the point in running a LAMS server on a personal PC and our servers are Unix ! But since some of our students like to play with tech, I may update it some day .... - Daniel K. Schneider 16:54, 19 September 2008 (UTC)

Do not try to install LAMS if you lack basic installation experience and technical reading skills. Here are just a few remarks in addition to the LAMS installation instructions. I also strongly suggest to look at the Problems Installing LAMS Forum.

4.1 Other Software

To run it on windows you need to install other software.

  • Java JSE 5.0 (update 9), not just the JRE. Get it from Sun.
  • MySQL: Get it directly from MySQL and take the Installer version (not the zip installation).
    • Install it and remember the password
    • I suggest not installing/using a WAMP environment for LAMS 2RC 2. The LAMS installer 2Rc2 could not find MySQL in my WampServer environment even if it was told where to look for in the LAMS installer.
    • Hack would be to manually edit the registry with this information from MySQL AB and this posting and picture by Ernie Ghiglione. Basically one needs to reproduce the MySQL entry from the official MySQL AB installer:
    MySQL AB
      MySQL Server 5.0  
                         Location c:\wamp\mysql
                         Version  5.0.27

... but this still didn't work for me. Something I did not try was to add mysqladmin.exe to the bin directory which is missing (see: Jun-Dir Liew's question and try it ... I don't have the time to do it right now. E.g. this file may be part of the simple zip / no registry version from the MySQL site).

4.2 MySQL

  • If you use a WAMP package you must know where MySQL sits. E.g. c:\wamp\mysql if you work with "WampServer" (but see above that I failed, rather work with an "official MySQL installer from MySQL AB). If you use the official MySQL installer, there will be no problem.

4.3 LAMS

  • Make sure that the LAMS port (8080) is free, e.g. install Active Ports or type something like netstat -a in a DOS terminal.
  • LAMS has an installer and if you got the above right it will install without problems. You may have a firewall. In this case make sure to open the necessary ports. Also pay attention to popup blockers in your navigator. LAMS worked fine with both IE 6 and Firefox 1.5x.