Pedagogic method

From EduTech Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

This article or section is a stub. A stub is an entry that did not yet receive substantial attention from editors, and as such does not yet contain enough information to be considered a real article. In other words, it is a short or insufficient piece of information and requires additions.

Draft

1 Definition

Pedagogic methods refer to the elements used in a pedagogical scenario or referred to in a pedagogic strategy

Effective course designs (or teachers) use a vocabulary of different teaching strategies or methods. It is not always obvious to distinguish strategy from method. DSchneider thinks that it is a question of scale in the same way as in research design where one may distinguish "approach" (method with big "M") from "technique" (method with a small "ms").

2 Typologies of pedagogic methods

An instructional design usually makes use of several kinds of pedagogic methods which are combined into some coherent story-board (pedagogical scenario). It implements one or several strategies.

There exist several kinds of attemps to create typologies. Some are easier to undestand than others.

Khan's (2000) list of methods and strategies focusses on 20 major "natural types" that he develops under the header "pedagogical" in his eight-components framework for e-leanirng:

  1. Presentation
  2. Exhibits
  3. Demonstration
  4. Drill and Practice
  5. Tutorials
  6. Games
  7. Story Telling
  8. Simulations
  9. Role-playing
  10. Discussion
  11. Interaction
  12. Modeling
  13. Facilitation
  14. Collaboration
  15. Debate
  16. Field Trips
  17. Apprenticeship
  18. Case Studies
  19. Generative Development
  20. Motivation

Here we have a typology from a seminar on teaching methods in public management.

  1. Les méthodes basées sur l'exposé
    1. L'exposé magistral
    2. Le co-enseignement
    3. Le recours à un conférencier invité
    4. Le panel
    5. Les exposés des participants
  2. Les méthodes basée sur la discussion
    1. Les techniques questions-réponses
    2. La discussion en grand groupe
    3. La discussion en petit groupe
    4. L'étude de cas (à venir)
    5. Les débats
    6. Les rencontres individuelles
  3. Les méthodes basées sur les documents écrits
    1. Les lectures complémentaires
    2. Le manuel de formation
    3. L'enseignement programmé
  4. Les méthodes basées sur la mise en pratique et la rétroaction
    1. La prise de notes
    2. Les questions complémentaires
    3. Les exercices
    4. Les démonstrations
    5. Les jeux de rôle
    6. Les simulations
    7. Les techniques d'enquête et d'auto-diagnostic
    8. Les tests
    9. Les visites
  5. Les méthodes basées sur le modelage du comportement
    1. Le coaching et le mentorat
    2. Le stage d'apprentissage
    3. Le recours à la rotation (job rotation)
    4. L'auto-apprentissage
    5. Le service conseil
  6. Les méthodes basées sur l'utilisation des technologies
    1. Les cassettes audio
    2. Les cassettes vidéo
    3. Le recours à l'ordinateur
    4. La télé-conférence
    5. Les disques optiques

3 References

  • Chamberland, G., L. Lavoie et D. Marquis (1995). 20 formules pédagogiques, Sainte-Foy: Presses universitaires du Québec.
  • Kahn, Badrul H. A Framework for Web-Based Learning, in Khan, B.H. (ed) Web-Based Training ISBN 0-87778-303-9
  • Séminaire sur les méthodes d'enseignement (1999) La didactique internationale en management public [1]
  • Joyce, B., Weil, M., Calhoun, E. : Models of teaching, 6th edition, Allyn & Bacon, 2000. ISBN 0205389279
  • Reeves, T.C., Reeves, P.M., Effective Dimensions of Interactive Learning on the World Wide Web, in Web-Based Instruction, Englewood Cliffs N.J. : Educational Technology Publications, 1998
  • Van Wart, Montgomery, N. Joseph Cayer, et Steeve Cook; Handbook of Training and Developement for the Public Sector; San Francisco, CA; Jossey-Bass; 1993

(need some more), ,