Multimedia authoring system
Authoring systems are authoring environments that have on-screen tools like menus, prompts, icons etc. that let users enter text, graphics, banching logic etc. and that generate underlying code.
1 Popular systems
According to Dalgarno (1998), “ Vaughan (1993) describes three distinct interface metaphors: the card or page metaphor (used by Hypercard, Supercard, Toolbook, Visual Basic, Oracle Media Objects and Apple Media Tool); the flowchart metaphor (used by Authorware and Icon Author); and the time-based presentation metaphor (used by Action, Cinemation and Director). More recently object-oriented features have become common in many tools (including Apple Media Tool, Oracle Media Objects, Director, Visual Basic and MFactory Mtropolis)”.
This article also features a comparison between Authorware, Director, Toolbook, Hypercard, FrontPage and Visual J++. Today one would have to make an other selections, but the fundamental underlying principles of these systems remain pretty similar.
1.1 Commercial educational
- Macromedia Authorware. This is now dead. Used to be one of the most powerful CBT/CAI tools)
- Captivate Originally, a rapid elearning (screencasting) tool from Adobe. Getting better.
- Everest ($1995 list price on 15:22, 26 June 2007 (MEST))
- Raptivity from $300 to over $3000)
- Articulate (several tools, most now regrouped in Articulate 360, formerly Storyline 2)
- Experience Builder (online role-playing simulations). Search for the Experience Builder authoring tool
- ReadyGo (rather a WBT/e-learning authoring tool, but the "plus" suite can do more maybe).
- Chaucer. An e-learning content tool with multimedia capacities
- Composica. An e-learning content tool with multimedia capacities
1.2 Commercial general purpose
- Hypercard like
- Hypercard (Wikipedia article, now a dead product)
- SuperCard ($179 - $279) - SuperCard (Wikipedia)
- Revolution - Revolution (MediaWiki)
- Multimedia presentation, animation and interaction
- Flash (Adobe Flash Product site) ($700 on 15:22, 26 June 2007 (MEST)).
- Quest (dead product ?)
1.3 Free or cheap
- Hypercard like
- HM-Card. HM-Card is a set of tools designed to create and peruse: Computer Supported Educational Packages ; Multimedia Presentations and Demonstrations; Interactive Hypermedia Manuals ; Highly interactive WEB sites (not tested by Daniel K. Schneider).
- HyperNext Studio ($20). Inspired by Hypercard.
- Pantechnicon Wiki lists other free HyperCard systems (not tested !)
- MaxAuthor, a free multimedia authoring system for language instruction. Windows 95/98/NT/2000/Me/XP. Student activities include MaxBrowser, Listening Dictation, Pronunciation, Multiple Choice, Vocabulary Completion, and Audio Flashcards. Lessons can be delivered via Internet or MS-Windows
- Hot Potatoes, The Hot Potatoes suite includes six applications, enabling you to create interactive multiple-choice, short-answer, jumbled-sentence, crossword, matching/ordering and gap-fill exercises for the World Wide Web. Hot Potatoes is not freeware, but it is free of charge for those working for publicly-funded non-profit-making educational institutions, who make their pages available on the web.
- This is probably today's most popular stand-alone quizzing software - Daniel K. Schneider 15:22, 26 June 2007 (MEST).
1.4 Free or cheap WBT systems
- See also on-line e-learning tools, e.g. CeLS, LAMS or authoring tools for interactive web contents like Xerte.
1.5 Other/See also
- Computer game. Some toolkits can be used to build educational games.
- Multimedia Wiki (formats and players)
- Multimedia Authoring Tools (good list, updated 2003), retrieved 15:22, 26 June 2007 (MEST).
- Dalgarno, B. (1996). Constructivist computer-assisted learning: Theory, technique and tools. Unpublished Master of Science thesis, University of Canberra. (lost in cyberspace ?)
- Dalgarno, Barney (1998), Tools For Authoring Constructivist Computer Assisted Learning Resources: A Review, AsiLite 1998. HTML/PDF. (Note: This article is useful also for other design models using interactive multimedia).
- Dalgarno B (1996) Constructivist Computer Assisted Learning: Theory and Techniques, AsciLite 1996. HTML.
- Locatis,Craig, Al-Nuaim,Hana (1999), Interactive technology and authoring tools: A historical review and analysis, Educational Technology Research and Development, 47, 3, 9/18/1999, Pages 63-75, DOI 10.1007/BF02299634 (Access restricted)
- Vaughan, T. (1993). Multimedia, Making it Work. Berkeley: Osborne McGraw Hill.