List of physical visualizations
Pierre Dragicevic and Yvonne Jansen redesigned and updated their List of Physical Visualizations and Related Artifacts.
As of December 18, 2014, the first entry starts like this: “The earliest data visualizations were likely physical: built by arranging stones or pebbles, and later, clay tokens. According to an eminent archaeologist (Schmandt-Besserat, 1999): "Whereas words consist of immaterial sounds, the tokens were concrete, solid, tangible artifacts, which could be handled, arranged and rearranged at will. For instance, the tokens could be ordered in special columns according to types of merchandise, entries and expenditures; donors […]”
This calls for further work on our little 2013 Using a thesis project board design experiment.